Showing posts with label Online Travel Journal. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Online Travel Journal. Show all posts

8 Bahrain tours for all



If you plan to make Bahrain your future holiday destination we have created a list of 8 tours for you to discover this exotic country while presenting plenty of photo opportunities and creating beautiful memories of an exciting vacation. We also gathered a selection of activities to occupy your time.

1) Manama and Muharraq Sightseeing tour

Explore the northern side of the Kingdom and discover the breathtaking array of cultural spots and interesting locations including Al Fateh Mosque - one of the largest mosques in the world as the well one of the first museums in the Gulf, Bahrain National Museum.

After you have explored the exhibition halls showcasing local customs, traditions and an array of artefacts discovered at various archaeological sites, the next stop should be Muharraq Souq - an atmospheric bazar, where you can purchase beautiful fabrics and Bahraini pearls.

Another place of interest on this tour is a Unesco World Heritage Site, Qal' at Al Bahrain. Set on a 17.5 - hectare artificial hill, it is the site of the former capital of Dilmun and is one of the most prolific digs in the Arabian Gulf.

2) Ancient Garden of Eden

Begin an inspiring trip around the southern part of the Kingdom, which hosts a magnificent array of sites.  Start by visiting the camel farm and have the chance to taste the camel milk, before heading to Bahrain International Circuit - the "Home Of Motorsport in the Middle East" and host of Formula One Gulf Air Grand Prix. Once you've taken some holiday photos, you will discover that there is more to see as you navigate the oil fields.

Bring out your competitive side and get behind the will of a go-kart at the world-class karting venue Bahrain International Circuit, providing  five track configurations.

Visit the Tree of Life - famous for surviving for over a century with no source of water, and end your tour with the magnificent Riffa Fort which is steeped in history.  The fort was converted into a residence in the 19th century for Shaikh Salman Bin Ahmed Al Fateh Al Khalifa and offers a view that cannot be missed.

3) Tubli Bay Mangrove

Truly unforgettable sights and experiences will be enjoyed on the Mangrove tour to Tubli Bay. You will like you escaped to another world, as you discover nature at its very best through the beautiful, well -protected and nurtured mangroves.

There is plenty of wildlife to see as you move through this area of natural beauty. Along the way, you will also get a wonderful glimpse of the Bahrain skyline, which is really a site to behold. All the while, you can soak up some sun and relax as you head along the coastline and take in the picturesque area.

4) Manama Central Market

Inspire your inner chef and learn to cook like a pro an this fantastic cooking experience.  Whether you want to know more about pairing spices, or the authentic dishes of Bahrain, this cooking class will exceed your expectations.

It is a unique way to broaden your culinary horizons, and learn direct from locals, the perfect spice blends that deliver an explosion of flavours with every bite. You will be taken on a journey through the fresh produce of Bahrain, at Manama Central Market, where you can select an array of fresh ingredients to cook with.

5) Pearl Diving Dock

Have a glimpse at Bahrain's soul, and dive into the country's heritage pre-oil discovery, with a tour that offers unique insights into its international famed pearling industry. For over a century, the Kingdom's pearls have been sought after, and one of the most notable is the Bahrain pearl drop earring gifted to Queen Elizabeth II by The Late Amir.

This a truly unique opportunity to immerse yourself in the Bahrain's fishing and pearling industries.  Firstly, you should visit Bu Maher Fort, before heading to the Shipbuilding Yard in Muharraq where you will get to see the majestic Dhow's up close.  You will have two further photo stops, one at Pearl Diving Dock and the second at the Fish Trap Factory, before being invited to join a local pearl diver in a traditional Bahraini restaurant for lunch, where you will discover how the industry has been pass through generations.

6) Jarada Island

Jarada is a tidal island located 14 kilometres off the coast of Bahrain, only accessible by boat. It provides a picturesque secluded setting to enjoy a day of relaxation. Dive into the crystal-clear blue water, or spend your afternoon soaking up rays on the golden sand.

Head out onto the sparkling blue waters surrounding Bahrain and get a unique and exclusive look at the magnificent city skyline, complimented by its beautiful shorelines. There are wonderful photo opportunities to be had as you float around Jarada, plus if it is you lucky day you might get to see some of the dolphin pods that grace the island's water. The dolphins are far from shy, swimming quite close to the boats, providing a fantastic unique experience for everyone, but specifically for younger members of the family.

Dive into the warm azure waters of Gulf, and discover Bahrain's legacy, while seeking underwater treasures. This a truly immersive experience, as you gain unique insights of the pearl industry, while casting your eyes across the beauty beneath the surface.

Bahrain has a long maritime history, which provides inspiring diving spots for the avid diver. The warm shallow waters, and the deeper areas provide unusual and memorable encounters. There is an average underwater visibility of five metres and up to 25 metres on the more distant offshore reefs. Divers and colourful aquatic life can be found in the sparkling waters surrounding Bahrain.

7) Bahrain Fort Stables

Your Arabian horseback adventure will begin following a short drive from your pick-up location to the stables near Bahrain Fort. Upon arrival you can sample traditional Arabic coffee or tea, accompanied by local delicacies.

After you enjoyed a little taste of Arabia, you will be paired with a calm and well trained horse to take you around the mesmerising sites of the area. Exploring on horseback is the perfect way to discover pieces of history, while offering plenty of picture-perfect opportunities.

8) Dilmun WaterPark

Reflecting the history of Dilmun period through unique stone sculptures and architectures, and set across 77,000 square mitres sits the lost paradise of Dilmun Waterpark. The dessert oasis in Sakhir features over 18 slides and attractions.  For a more relaxing day, soak up the sun on the lazy river where you can float alone or in a double tube, bobbing through the caves. The kids rain fortress is very popular among younger members off the family, along with the "toots pool" , which makes for a enjoyable day for all.




If you plan to make Bahrain your future holiday destination we have created a list of 8 tours for you to discover this exotic country while presenting plenty of photo opportunities and creating beautiful memories of an exciting vacation. We also gathered a selection of activities to occupy your time.

1) Manama and Muharraq Sightseeing tour

Explore the northern side of the Kingdom and discover the breathtaking array of cultural spots and interesting locations including Al Fateh Mosque - one of the largest mosques in the world as the well one of the first museums in the Gulf, Bahrain National Museum.

After you have explored the exhibition halls showcasing local customs, traditions and an array of artefacts discovered at various archaeological sites, the next stop should be Muharraq Souq - an atmospheric bazar, where you can purchase beautiful fabrics and Bahraini pearls.

Another place of interest on this tour is a Unesco World Heritage Site, Qal' at Al Bahrain. Set on a 17.5 - hectare artificial hill, it is the site of the former capital of Dilmun and is one of the most prolific digs in the Arabian Gulf.

2) Ancient Garden of Eden

Begin an inspiring trip around the southern part of the Kingdom, which hosts a magnificent array of sites.  Start by visiting the camel farm and have the chance to taste the camel milk, before heading to Bahrain International Circuit - the "Home Of Motorsport in the Middle East" and host of Formula One Gulf Air Grand Prix. Once you've taken some holiday photos, you will discover that there is more to see as you navigate the oil fields.

Bring out your competitive side and get behind the will of a go-kart at the world-class karting venue Bahrain International Circuit, providing  five track configurations.

Visit the Tree of Life - famous for surviving for over a century with no source of water, and end your tour with the magnificent Riffa Fort which is steeped in history.  The fort was converted into a residence in the 19th century for Shaikh Salman Bin Ahmed Al Fateh Al Khalifa and offers a view that cannot be missed.

3) Tubli Bay Mangrove

Truly unforgettable sights and experiences will be enjoyed on the Mangrove tour to Tubli Bay. You will like you escaped to another world, as you discover nature at its very best through the beautiful, well -protected and nurtured mangroves.

There is plenty of wildlife to see as you move through this area of natural beauty. Along the way, you will also get a wonderful glimpse of the Bahrain skyline, which is really a site to behold. All the while, you can soak up some sun and relax as you head along the coastline and take in the picturesque area.

4) Manama Central Market

Inspire your inner chef and learn to cook like a pro an this fantastic cooking experience.  Whether you want to know more about pairing spices, or the authentic dishes of Bahrain, this cooking class will exceed your expectations.

It is a unique way to broaden your culinary horizons, and learn direct from locals, the perfect spice blends that deliver an explosion of flavours with every bite. You will be taken on a journey through the fresh produce of Bahrain, at Manama Central Market, where you can select an array of fresh ingredients to cook with.

5) Pearl Diving Dock

Have a glimpse at Bahrain's soul, and dive into the country's heritage pre-oil discovery, with a tour that offers unique insights into its international famed pearling industry. For over a century, the Kingdom's pearls have been sought after, and one of the most notable is the Bahrain pearl drop earring gifted to Queen Elizabeth II by The Late Amir.

This a truly unique opportunity to immerse yourself in the Bahrain's fishing and pearling industries.  Firstly, you should visit Bu Maher Fort, before heading to the Shipbuilding Yard in Muharraq where you will get to see the majestic Dhow's up close.  You will have two further photo stops, one at Pearl Diving Dock and the second at the Fish Trap Factory, before being invited to join a local pearl diver in a traditional Bahraini restaurant for lunch, where you will discover how the industry has been pass through generations.

6) Jarada Island

Jarada is a tidal island located 14 kilometres off the coast of Bahrain, only accessible by boat. It provides a picturesque secluded setting to enjoy a day of relaxation. Dive into the crystal-clear blue water, or spend your afternoon soaking up rays on the golden sand.

Head out onto the sparkling blue waters surrounding Bahrain and get a unique and exclusive look at the magnificent city skyline, complimented by its beautiful shorelines. There are wonderful photo opportunities to be had as you float around Jarada, plus if it is you lucky day you might get to see some of the dolphin pods that grace the island's water. The dolphins are far from shy, swimming quite close to the boats, providing a fantastic unique experience for everyone, but specifically for younger members of the family.

Dive into the warm azure waters of Gulf, and discover Bahrain's legacy, while seeking underwater treasures. This a truly immersive experience, as you gain unique insights of the pearl industry, while casting your eyes across the beauty beneath the surface.

Bahrain has a long maritime history, which provides inspiring diving spots for the avid diver. The warm shallow waters, and the deeper areas provide unusual and memorable encounters. There is an average underwater visibility of five metres and up to 25 metres on the more distant offshore reefs. Divers and colourful aquatic life can be found in the sparkling waters surrounding Bahrain.

7) Bahrain Fort Stables

Your Arabian horseback adventure will begin following a short drive from your pick-up location to the stables near Bahrain Fort. Upon arrival you can sample traditional Arabic coffee or tea, accompanied by local delicacies.

After you enjoyed a little taste of Arabia, you will be paired with a calm and well trained horse to take you around the mesmerising sites of the area. Exploring on horseback is the perfect way to discover pieces of history, while offering plenty of picture-perfect opportunities.

8) Dilmun WaterPark

Reflecting the history of Dilmun period through unique stone sculptures and architectures, and set across 77,000 square mitres sits the lost paradise of Dilmun Waterpark. The dessert oasis in Sakhir features over 18 slides and attractions.  For a more relaxing day, soak up the sun on the lazy river where you can float alone or in a double tube, bobbing through the caves. The kids rain fortress is very popular among younger members off the family, along with the "toots pool" , which makes for a enjoyable day for all.


Kaghan Valley an unforgettable experience

Kaghan Valley an unforgettable experience

Kaghan is a jewel amongst the many beautiful valleys in the Mansehra District of Hazara in the Kyber Pakthunkhwa Province of Pakistan. The 160 kilometres valley features pine forests, alpine meadows, crystal clear lakes and cool mountain streams.

Kunhar River is famous for its trout fish. Nestled along the river are the towns of Balakot, Paras, Mahandari, Kaghan and Naran. Gujar nomads are one of the most interesting features of the Kaghan Valley. While going to Kaghan you will find them camped along the road in their traditional tents or moving up and down the valley with their heard of pack animals, sheep and goats.

The road beyond Balakot was once fit only for 4X4 vehicles, visitors had to live their cars in Balakot and rent jeeps for the rest of the journey. Today the road is suitable for all kind of vehicles up to Naran and Jalkhad. However, there are a few glaciers that have not lost their snowpack, and that makes them difficult to cross by car.

For those opting for public transport they are frequent bus services to Abbottabad from where van shuttles depart to Mansehra, the main station for the onward journey to Kaghan Valley. From Mansehra, one can find direct van services for Balakot, Kaghan and Naran.

At present Balakot has only few suitable hotels to stay overnight as most of the hotels were destroyed by the 2005 earthquake. The hotels in the upper Kaghan Valley (Kaghan, Naran and beyond) survive the earthquake untouched and are open for business. There are more than 100 fully operational hotels of different categories at Naran and Kaghan.

Balakot, located at 72 km far from Abbottabad, is the gateway of Kaghan Valley. The one and half hour journey between Mansehra and Balakot is a charming experience full of spectacular views. Balakot is a small town located on the bank of Kunhar River, but has a tremendous historical significance, being the place of a famous battle between Sikh Army and Muslim freedom fighters in 1831.

Shogran, one of the most beautiful plateaus in the valley, is located 34 km from Balakot via Kewai. One of the nicest places to visit is Shogran's Forest Rest House. From the rolling grassy lawns of the rest of the house, one can see breathtaking panoramic view of snow covered mountains. Kaghan Valley's highest peaks, such as Musa Ka Musalla (4419 m) , Makra (3885 m) and Malika Parbat (5290 m) , are visible from here.

Musa Ka Musalla (Prayer Mat of Moses) is situated between Kaghan and Siran Valleys. This peak is visible from several places in Kaghan Valley.  It is a trekking peak and has and can be approached from both Valleys.

Khanian is a small but attractive and peaceful village on the right bank of the Kunhar River. It is the starting point for a trip to Kamal Ban Forest House (built in 1924) and Dana Meadows located at an altitude of 10,000 feet, offering an amazing view of snow covered peaks.

Kaghan is the town that gives the valley its name. A permanent settlement located at about 61 km from Balakot, has a hospital, post office, police station and a small bazar where items of daily use can be found in its shops. There are also a few budget hotels and restaurants, providing accommodation and meals to visitors passing through on their way to Naran. There is also a hydro power station and a potato research station.

Naran is the main centre of tourism in the Kaghan Valley, located at 85 km from Balakot. The town is situated on the bank of Kunhar River at a point where the valley widens. The river is also quite smooth here and ideal for throut fishing and easy grade river rafting.

No trip to Kaghan Valley is complete without a visit to the  legendary Lake Saiful Muluk, named after Prince Saif-ul-Muluk , who fell in love with a fairy from the mountains. Word cannot describe the beauty and serenity of the setting and picture postcards do no justice. The crystalline waters of Lake Saiful Muluk reflecting the surrounding snow covered mountains is an image that must be seen in person.

Malika Parbat (Queen of the Mountains) is the highest mountain of the Kaghan Valley. The best view of this peak is from Lake Saiful Muluk when on a clear day the pointed peak is mirrored in its deep blue waters.

Ansoo Lake is one of the most panoramic and beautiful lakes of Pakistan. It is located near Malika Parabat in the Himalayan range of Kaghan Valley. The name "Ansoo" comes form its tear-like shape (the Urdu word Ansoo means teardrop).  The lake was discovered only recently in 1993 by Pakistan Air Force pilots while flying at a relatively low altitude over the area.

There are many other side valleys in Kohistan, that are excellent for hikers, trekkers, mountain bikers, fishing enthusiasts, photographers and nature lovers. One such area is the Supat Valley that lies in the Himalayan Mountain region, parallel to Kaghan Valley in Hazara Kohistan. The area is also known for its gemstones, especailly Peridot. There are two beautiful lakes in Supat, the Srikatha and the Maheen. In September 2008, trout was introduced into the Maheen Lake.

Kaghan is an execellent destination for trekking and hill walking. Pony ridding is another favourite activity for families during their trip to Kaghan Valley. A ride around Lake Saiful Muluk can be a most enjoyable experience. Fishing for brown and rainbow trout in the crystal clear waters of the valley lakes and in the Kunhar River is a favourite past time for many. Kaghan is an exhilarating place for amateurs climbers to learn the basic skills of mountaineering. Over the past few years, Kaghan Valley has become the venue for one of most challenging mountain bike races in Asia.

Tourist season in the Kaghan Valley starts in mid-May and closes Mid- October. The summer climate  (June to September) is ideal, with warm temperatures.  The road beyond Naran is snowbound in winter, yet from June to late October, stays open all the way to Babusar Pass. Mid July is monsoon season and vehicle movement is sometimes restricted due to landslides and rains in the lower Kaghan Valley.


Kaghan Valley an unforgettable experience

Kaghan is a jewel amongst the many beautiful valleys in the Mansehra District of Hazara in the Kyber Pakthunkhwa Province of Pakistan. The 160 kilometres valley features pine forests, alpine meadows, crystal clear lakes and cool mountain streams.

Kunhar River is famous for its trout fish. Nestled along the river are the towns of Balakot, Paras, Mahandari, Kaghan and Naran. Gujar nomads are one of the most interesting features of the Kaghan Valley. While going to Kaghan you will find them camped along the road in their traditional tents or moving up and down the valley with their heard of pack animals, sheep and goats.

The road beyond Balakot was once fit only for 4X4 vehicles, visitors had to live their cars in Balakot and rent jeeps for the rest of the journey. Today the road is suitable for all kind of vehicles up to Naran and Jalkhad. However, there are a few glaciers that have not lost their snowpack, and that makes them difficult to cross by car.

For those opting for public transport they are frequent bus services to Abbottabad from where van shuttles depart to Mansehra, the main station for the onward journey to Kaghan Valley. From Mansehra, one can find direct van services for Balakot, Kaghan and Naran.

At present Balakot has only few suitable hotels to stay overnight as most of the hotels were destroyed by the 2005 earthquake. The hotels in the upper Kaghan Valley (Kaghan, Naran and beyond) survive the earthquake untouched and are open for business. There are more than 100 fully operational hotels of different categories at Naran and Kaghan.

Balakot, located at 72 km far from Abbottabad, is the gateway of Kaghan Valley. The one and half hour journey between Mansehra and Balakot is a charming experience full of spectacular views. Balakot is a small town located on the bank of Kunhar River, but has a tremendous historical significance, being the place of a famous battle between Sikh Army and Muslim freedom fighters in 1831.

Shogran, one of the most beautiful plateaus in the valley, is located 34 km from Balakot via Kewai. One of the nicest places to visit is Shogran's Forest Rest House. From the rolling grassy lawns of the rest of the house, one can see breathtaking panoramic view of snow covered mountains. Kaghan Valley's highest peaks, such as Musa Ka Musalla (4419 m) , Makra (3885 m) and Malika Parbat (5290 m) , are visible from here.

Musa Ka Musalla (Prayer Mat of Moses) is situated between Kaghan and Siran Valleys. This peak is visible from several places in Kaghan Valley.  It is a trekking peak and has and can be approached from both Valleys.

Khanian is a small but attractive and peaceful village on the right bank of the Kunhar River. It is the starting point for a trip to Kamal Ban Forest House (built in 1924) and Dana Meadows located at an altitude of 10,000 feet, offering an amazing view of snow covered peaks.

Kaghan is the town that gives the valley its name. A permanent settlement located at about 61 km from Balakot, has a hospital, post office, police station and a small bazar where items of daily use can be found in its shops. There are also a few budget hotels and restaurants, providing accommodation and meals to visitors passing through on their way to Naran. There is also a hydro power station and a potato research station.

Naran is the main centre of tourism in the Kaghan Valley, located at 85 km from Balakot. The town is situated on the bank of Kunhar River at a point where the valley widens. The river is also quite smooth here and ideal for throut fishing and easy grade river rafting.

No trip to Kaghan Valley is complete without a visit to the  legendary Lake Saiful Muluk, named after Prince Saif-ul-Muluk , who fell in love with a fairy from the mountains. Word cannot describe the beauty and serenity of the setting and picture postcards do no justice. The crystalline waters of Lake Saiful Muluk reflecting the surrounding snow covered mountains is an image that must be seen in person.

Malika Parbat (Queen of the Mountains) is the highest mountain of the Kaghan Valley. The best view of this peak is from Lake Saiful Muluk when on a clear day the pointed peak is mirrored in its deep blue waters.

Ansoo Lake is one of the most panoramic and beautiful lakes of Pakistan. It is located near Malika Parabat in the Himalayan range of Kaghan Valley. The name "Ansoo" comes form its tear-like shape (the Urdu word Ansoo means teardrop).  The lake was discovered only recently in 1993 by Pakistan Air Force pilots while flying at a relatively low altitude over the area.

There are many other side valleys in Kohistan, that are excellent for hikers, trekkers, mountain bikers, fishing enthusiasts, photographers and nature lovers. One such area is the Supat Valley that lies in the Himalayan Mountain region, parallel to Kaghan Valley in Hazara Kohistan. The area is also known for its gemstones, especailly Peridot. There are two beautiful lakes in Supat, the Srikatha and the Maheen. In September 2008, trout was introduced into the Maheen Lake.

Kaghan is an execellent destination for trekking and hill walking. Pony ridding is another favourite activity for families during their trip to Kaghan Valley. A ride around Lake Saiful Muluk can be a most enjoyable experience. Fishing for brown and rainbow trout in the crystal clear waters of the valley lakes and in the Kunhar River is a favourite past time for many. Kaghan is an exhilarating place for amateurs climbers to learn the basic skills of mountaineering. Over the past few years, Kaghan Valley has become the venue for one of most challenging mountain bike races in Asia.

Tourist season in the Kaghan Valley starts in mid-May and closes Mid- October. The summer climate  (June to September) is ideal, with warm temperatures.  The road beyond Naran is snowbound in winter, yet from June to late October, stays open all the way to Babusar Pass. Mid July is monsoon season and vehicle movement is sometimes restricted due to landslides and rains in the lower Kaghan Valley.


Lombardia's Cities of Art

Lombardia's  Cities of Art

Embark on a voyage of discovery through the Cult City masterpieces of Lombardia. Eight Cities of Art just waiting to be discovered, one after the other. Must-see masterpieces, special moments by the water, leisurely journeys of discovery, places where the horizon seems to stretch out in front of you. Get ready for a range of unique experiences in Lombardy's  Cult cities that look to the future while proudly preserving stunning heritage.

1) Milan - From fashionable skyscrapers to the legendary Panettone, from an aperitif to the events of YesMilano. The capital of innovation to experience between tradition and glimpses of the future. From Raffaello to Anselm Kiefer, Art is at home in Milan. Here are a few tips for art lovers of all ages:

- at the Pinacoteca di Brera admire some of the greatest masterpieces of art from the Pala Montefeltro by Piero della Francesca to the Sposalizio della Vergine by Rafaello.

- at the Museo del Novecento where, in 10000 steps, you can cross a whole century up to Lucio Fontana's Neon.

- at the Triennale Milano, where architecture and design interfere with each other

- at GAM in Villa Reale, a masterpiece of neoclassical era. You can treat yourself with a break in the beautiful cafeteria, after admiring Segantini, Canova and Medardo Rossso.

- at the Gallerie d'Italia in Piazza della Scala where you can even visit the vault that hosts about 500 paintings from the Intesa SanPaolo collection.

- at the Museo Poldi Pezzzoli observe one of the most extraordinary story of the collector of the late nineteenth century

-at the Pirelli Hangar Bicocca walk under the Seven Heavenly Palaces of Anselm Kiefer

- at the Fondazione Prada immerse yourself in the architecture designed by the OMA studio.

- at the Museo Teatrale alla Scala retrace the lives of immortal artists, singers and unforgettable dancers.
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2) Brescia - The roman town of Brixia. This is Brescia a Lioness that looks in the future with firm roots in the past. Visit the the square dedicated to Pope Paul VI and discover that the city does not have one Duomo (cathedral), but two. Not to be missed the Clock Tower with its astronomical dial, a wonder of technology and art.

A theatre city. Hundreds of artists, more than 50 city venues, tens of thousand of people. In September from daybreak to midnight, the "Festa dell'Opera" brings opera music into the streets of Brescia, its theatres and its most ancient places, in restaurants and in its backyards. A festival organised by the Teatro Grande, a temple of Italian Opera.

The "Mille Miglia": Brescia to Rome and back. It has been run every year since 1927: 450 historic cars from 41 countries, the roar of engines, elegance and sophistication. "A travelling museum unlike anything else in the world" in the words of Enzo Ferrari. And you can always admire the Mille Miglia Museum in Santa Eufemia della Fonte.

3) Como - The reasons for the city that loves science and designs with light. To be explored inside and out. Without ever losing the sight of the lake. From the Tempio Voltiano to the neoclassical villas, passing through the historic centre  and the secrets of silk.

In the Como area, the silk production dates back from the 15th century. With the arrival of the industrial revolution, between the 18th century and the first part of the 19th century, twisting and spinning factories mushroomed through the region. The Silk Museum illustrates the entire production chain, from the silkworm to the finishing, through a collection of textiles machines and thousands of historical pieces. The Fondazione Ratti's Museo studio del Tessuto houses 3300 individual textile items and over 2500 books.

A tour of the villas. The first to visit is to the cultural centre of Vila Omo, a magnificent 18th century villa also famous for its Italian garden, that offers the best view of Como overlooking its lake. The "Chilometro della Conoscenza", running through 42 acres of centuries-old parks surrounded by water, takes us to the Villa del Grumello and Villa Sucota, where we can explore greenhouses and lemon groves, and in spring enjoy the poetry walks of the 'Festival Parolario".

The world's most famous lake can be explored by boat of by seaplane. The view is breathtaking, but the real thrill is landing on the water.

4) Lecoo - From the locations associated with Alessandro Manzoni to the noble profile of Monte Resegone, a neoclassical theatre, a cabinet of curiosities, and the splendid lake. These are just a few of the resasons to love Lecco.

For a jazz concert or a play by a famous author the destination is the Teatro della Societa. The facade of the building inaugurated in 1844 betrays the intentions of the architect Giuseppe Bovara: to create a smaller Teatro alla Scall on the lake.

Pure adrenalin. Lecco offers this as well : a competition to test yourself without taking yourself too seriously. It's the "Scigamatt", a hurdle race held every month of September, since 2010, which transforms Lecco into a set  of "Jeux Sans Frontieres".  On a race track that changes every year, the contestants jump over 20 tons of hay bales, nets, tyres, water and mud. Recommended  equipment : a carefree spirit and sprightly legs.

5) Monza  - From the Treasure of Queen Theodelinda to the thrill of Autodromo. A two-speed city. Ready to enchant us with record breaking masterpieces. From the cathedral to the Villa Reale and the Design Museum. Off to the Autodromo for a spin on the track. This are just some of the many opportunities to fall in love with Monza.

From the antiquity to the present, in the 14th century building to the former Casa degli Umiliati. One city, many souls. Discover them in the epigraph of a votive altar that reveals the ancient name of the citizens of Monza : "Modiciates"', or in the 20th century art works, including those displayed at the first Monza Triennale.

Monza Autodromo is the fastest Formula1 track : 5,793 metre  of pure excitement. Watching the race crowded along the track or in the stands is a sort of collective ritual. In the rest or the year, the track is open to the public and anyone can sign up for a sports driving course.

6) Pavia -  A city to be discovered slowly. On the  trail of the Lombards or among the cloisters of the university. Without forgetting the heritage of flavours and labels. From one of the oldest universities in the world to the riverside, in the heart of Pavia, capital of the Lombards, or on the hunt for great wines. Enough reasons to live your heart here.

The Lombard greatness has left a strong sense of pride among the citizens of Pavia, as well as several testimonies in the city, like the three Cyrpts of Santa Maria alle Cacce, San Giovanni Domnarum and Sant Eusebio, with magnificent "fibula' and "waterleaf" capitals.  It is inspiring to admire from up close the Teodote stone plutei and the funerary gold jewellery, preserved at the Musei Civici del Castello Visconteo, a red brick fortress with huge towers at the wall corners.

You can navigate the river on boats known as 'barce' or narrow rowing boats or cross it over one of the two bridges. The river Ticino is largest blue thoroughfare  where you can discover the relaxed side of Pavia in the quaint Borgo Ticino.

7) Sondrio is the place that makes the Valtellina even finer. The stue, or wooden rooms, and the terracing, the exploits of Orlando Furioso, a glass of Sforzato, are just so me of the things that make Sondrio unforgettable.

You will be surprised by the hidden treasures like the old "stue", made of Swiss stone pine that used to be the heart of alpine houses, or the stucco work and trompe- l'oeil in the spectacular 18th  ballroom of Palzazzo Sartoli. Some masterpieces reveal the great passions that inspired them: it is the case of the priceless wealth of Renaissance frescoes dedicated to "Orlando Furioso", the protagonist, at the Castello Masegra, of one othe most compelling 16th century "comic strip-like' mural.  A precious testimony of Ludovico Ariosto's love for the Alps, and theirs for him.

The Camminata alla Madonna della Sassella is not just a short escape out of town, but also a way to rediscover a spiritual dimension. It starts in town, almost by accident. From one little shrine to the next, you climb among the vineyards and terraces of the ancient via Valeriana up to the 16th Sanctuary. From the bustle of the city to the quiet of Valtellina, almost without realising it.

8) Varese -  From the gardens of Palazzo Estense to the infinite vistas of the Sacro Monte. To discover the other geometry of a city on a human scale. The Pallazzo Estense park (1771) is the icon of Garden City, which Giacomo Leopardi called Little Versailles. Along the boulevards around the fountain, between the hedges, a reassuring symmetry dominates the scene.

A walk, a journey of faith, a Baroque museum under the open sky: it is the Via Sacra, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Fourteen 17th-century chapels connect the city to the Sanctuario. The Casa Museo Pogliaghi also deserves a stop, in its jumbled aquarium we will be able to spot classical busts, Egyptian sarcophagi and sketches by Gianlorenzo Bernini mixed up with works of the home owner.

Isolina Virginia another UNESCO World Heritage Site can be reached in twenty minutes by boat from Biandronino. It is the oldest of the 111  pile dwelling villages in the Alps. It was inhabited from as back as 5200 BC until the bronze age. Today, it is also a natural oasis where you can spot mallards, coots and grebes.




Lombardia's  Cities of Art

Embark on a voyage of discovery through the Cult City masterpieces of Lombardia. Eight Cities of Art just waiting to be discovered, one after the other. Must-see masterpieces, special moments by the water, leisurely journeys of discovery, places where the horizon seems to stretch out in front of you. Get ready for a range of unique experiences in Lombardy's  Cult cities that look to the future while proudly preserving stunning heritage.

1) Milan - From fashionable skyscrapers to the legendary Panettone, from an aperitif to the events of YesMilano. The capital of innovation to experience between tradition and glimpses of the future. From Raffaello to Anselm Kiefer, Art is at home in Milan. Here are a few tips for art lovers of all ages:

- at the Pinacoteca di Brera admire some of the greatest masterpieces of art from the Pala Montefeltro by Piero della Francesca to the Sposalizio della Vergine by Rafaello.

- at the Museo del Novecento where, in 10000 steps, you can cross a whole century up to Lucio Fontana's Neon.

- at the Triennale Milano, where architecture and design interfere with each other

- at GAM in Villa Reale, a masterpiece of neoclassical era. You can treat yourself with a break in the beautiful cafeteria, after admiring Segantini, Canova and Medardo Rossso.

- at the Gallerie d'Italia in Piazza della Scala where you can even visit the vault that hosts about 500 paintings from the Intesa SanPaolo collection.

- at the Museo Poldi Pezzzoli observe one of the most extraordinary story of the collector of the late nineteenth century

-at the Pirelli Hangar Bicocca walk under the Seven Heavenly Palaces of Anselm Kiefer

- at the Fondazione Prada immerse yourself in the architecture designed by the OMA studio.

- at the Museo Teatrale alla Scala retrace the lives of immortal artists, singers and unforgettable dancers.
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2) Brescia - The roman town of Brixia. This is Brescia a Lioness that looks in the future with firm roots in the past. Visit the the square dedicated to Pope Paul VI and discover that the city does not have one Duomo (cathedral), but two. Not to be missed the Clock Tower with its astronomical dial, a wonder of technology and art.

A theatre city. Hundreds of artists, more than 50 city venues, tens of thousand of people. In September from daybreak to midnight, the "Festa dell'Opera" brings opera music into the streets of Brescia, its theatres and its most ancient places, in restaurants and in its backyards. A festival organised by the Teatro Grande, a temple of Italian Opera.

The "Mille Miglia": Brescia to Rome and back. It has been run every year since 1927: 450 historic cars from 41 countries, the roar of engines, elegance and sophistication. "A travelling museum unlike anything else in the world" in the words of Enzo Ferrari. And you can always admire the Mille Miglia Museum in Santa Eufemia della Fonte.

3) Como - The reasons for the city that loves science and designs with light. To be explored inside and out. Without ever losing the sight of the lake. From the Tempio Voltiano to the neoclassical villas, passing through the historic centre  and the secrets of silk.

In the Como area, the silk production dates back from the 15th century. With the arrival of the industrial revolution, between the 18th century and the first part of the 19th century, twisting and spinning factories mushroomed through the region. The Silk Museum illustrates the entire production chain, from the silkworm to the finishing, through a collection of textiles machines and thousands of historical pieces. The Fondazione Ratti's Museo studio del Tessuto houses 3300 individual textile items and over 2500 books.

A tour of the villas. The first to visit is to the cultural centre of Vila Omo, a magnificent 18th century villa also famous for its Italian garden, that offers the best view of Como overlooking its lake. The "Chilometro della Conoscenza", running through 42 acres of centuries-old parks surrounded by water, takes us to the Villa del Grumello and Villa Sucota, where we can explore greenhouses and lemon groves, and in spring enjoy the poetry walks of the 'Festival Parolario".

The world's most famous lake can be explored by boat of by seaplane. The view is breathtaking, but the real thrill is landing on the water.

4) Lecoo - From the locations associated with Alessandro Manzoni to the noble profile of Monte Resegone, a neoclassical theatre, a cabinet of curiosities, and the splendid lake. These are just a few of the resasons to love Lecco.

For a jazz concert or a play by a famous author the destination is the Teatro della Societa. The facade of the building inaugurated in 1844 betrays the intentions of the architect Giuseppe Bovara: to create a smaller Teatro alla Scall on the lake.

Pure adrenalin. Lecco offers this as well : a competition to test yourself without taking yourself too seriously. It's the "Scigamatt", a hurdle race held every month of September, since 2010, which transforms Lecco into a set  of "Jeux Sans Frontieres".  On a race track that changes every year, the contestants jump over 20 tons of hay bales, nets, tyres, water and mud. Recommended  equipment : a carefree spirit and sprightly legs.

5) Monza  - From the Treasure of Queen Theodelinda to the thrill of Autodromo. A two-speed city. Ready to enchant us with record breaking masterpieces. From the cathedral to the Villa Reale and the Design Museum. Off to the Autodromo for a spin on the track. This are just some of the many opportunities to fall in love with Monza.

From the antiquity to the present, in the 14th century building to the former Casa degli Umiliati. One city, many souls. Discover them in the epigraph of a votive altar that reveals the ancient name of the citizens of Monza : "Modiciates"', or in the 20th century art works, including those displayed at the first Monza Triennale.

Monza Autodromo is the fastest Formula1 track : 5,793 metre  of pure excitement. Watching the race crowded along the track or in the stands is a sort of collective ritual. In the rest or the year, the track is open to the public and anyone can sign up for a sports driving course.

6) Pavia -  A city to be discovered slowly. On the  trail of the Lombards or among the cloisters of the university. Without forgetting the heritage of flavours and labels. From one of the oldest universities in the world to the riverside, in the heart of Pavia, capital of the Lombards, or on the hunt for great wines. Enough reasons to live your heart here.

The Lombard greatness has left a strong sense of pride among the citizens of Pavia, as well as several testimonies in the city, like the three Cyrpts of Santa Maria alle Cacce, San Giovanni Domnarum and Sant Eusebio, with magnificent "fibula' and "waterleaf" capitals.  It is inspiring to admire from up close the Teodote stone plutei and the funerary gold jewellery, preserved at the Musei Civici del Castello Visconteo, a red brick fortress with huge towers at the wall corners.

You can navigate the river on boats known as 'barce' or narrow rowing boats or cross it over one of the two bridges. The river Ticino is largest blue thoroughfare  where you can discover the relaxed side of Pavia in the quaint Borgo Ticino.

7) Sondrio is the place that makes the Valtellina even finer. The stue, or wooden rooms, and the terracing, the exploits of Orlando Furioso, a glass of Sforzato, are just so me of the things that make Sondrio unforgettable.

You will be surprised by the hidden treasures like the old "stue", made of Swiss stone pine that used to be the heart of alpine houses, or the stucco work and trompe- l'oeil in the spectacular 18th  ballroom of Palzazzo Sartoli. Some masterpieces reveal the great passions that inspired them: it is the case of the priceless wealth of Renaissance frescoes dedicated to "Orlando Furioso", the protagonist, at the Castello Masegra, of one othe most compelling 16th century "comic strip-like' mural.  A precious testimony of Ludovico Ariosto's love for the Alps, and theirs for him.

The Camminata alla Madonna della Sassella is not just a short escape out of town, but also a way to rediscover a spiritual dimension. It starts in town, almost by accident. From one little shrine to the next, you climb among the vineyards and terraces of the ancient via Valeriana up to the 16th Sanctuary. From the bustle of the city to the quiet of Valtellina, almost without realising it.

8) Varese -  From the gardens of Palazzo Estense to the infinite vistas of the Sacro Monte. To discover the other geometry of a city on a human scale. The Pallazzo Estense park (1771) is the icon of Garden City, which Giacomo Leopardi called Little Versailles. Along the boulevards around the fountain, between the hedges, a reassuring symmetry dominates the scene.

A walk, a journey of faith, a Baroque museum under the open sky: it is the Via Sacra, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Fourteen 17th-century chapels connect the city to the Sanctuario. The Casa Museo Pogliaghi also deserves a stop, in its jumbled aquarium we will be able to spot classical busts, Egyptian sarcophagi and sketches by Gianlorenzo Bernini mixed up with works of the home owner.

Isolina Virginia another UNESCO World Heritage Site can be reached in twenty minutes by boat from Biandronino. It is the oldest of the 111  pile dwelling villages in the Alps. It was inhabited from as back as 5200 BC until the bronze age. Today, it is also a natural oasis where you can spot mallards, coots and grebes.




English Cathedrals tour



English Cathedrals tour

If you are looking for a different sort of vacation, if you are able to spend some time in England and you enjoy the sense of history that seems to ooze from the many old buildings there then consider doing a tour of some of the ancient cathedrals and abbeys that have stood for centuries in the towns and cities.

During the 12th and 13th centuries there was a great upsurge in the constuction of these remarkable, hugely detailed buildings; they still impress us today with their massive size and beauty so it is easy to imagine how awed medieval people would have been. It was thought then that simply visiting a holy place would impart holiness and so pilgrimage began. The pilgrims would travel from one holy shrine to another, often traveling in groups for safety and companionship. One such group, famous in literature, is the one depicted by Chaucer in his “Canterbury Tales” which shows us that the pilgrims were from all levels of society.

You could become a modern pilgrim, following a similar route to our ancient forebears, visiting the same great cathedrals though not on foot, perhaps, as they were. More than likely, the modern pilgrim will travel by car or as part of a tour group seeing a different town and cathedral each day.

Canterbury could be an appropriate cathedral to start your pilgrimage especially if, like Chaucer’s famous group, you set out from London, traveling south-east into the county of Kent, the lovely “Garden of England”. Canterbury is a magnificent cathedral whose history began as far back as 597AD with Saint Augustine. Its attraction as a pilgrimage destination grew after Archbishop Thomas Beckett was murdered in the cathedral in 1170 and it continues to attract thousands of pilgrims and visitors each year. This is the mother church of Anglicans and the sense of its history is inescapable as you tread on the massive flagstones and gaze up at the soaring arches. The visitor will devote many hours to the appreciation of the huge building both in and outside; here, as in all the medieval cathedrals, there are superb stained glass windows to admire.

In the heart of London is Westminster Abbey, the vision of King Edward the Confessor. It was consecrated in 1065 and since the crowning here of William the Conqueror in 1066 it has been traditional for royal coronations to take place here; the last coronation was that of Queen Elizabeth II in 1952. Over 1000 years of history can be traced through the tombs, the magnificent architecture is breathtaking; the sense of history as you touch the tombs of kings, queens and other great people from the past is humbling.

Also in London is Saint Paul’s cathedral, with its great dome that dominates the skyline. There has been a church on this site since 605, the first destroyed by fire, the second by Vikings in 962 and a third one again by fire, in 1087. Bad luck continued until Christopher Wren began restoration, but calamity struck again when The Great Fire of London in 1666 left the building a charred wreck. Wren then undertook the design and building of the magnificent building we admire today. Unlike the stark medieval cathedrals, Saint Paul’s is ornate, brilliantly white and gold and a dazzlingly beautiful monument to the 17th century.

In the county of Wiltshire, south-west of London you will find the city of Salisbury with its gothic cathedral built in the 13th century. This lovely cathedral is famed for having the tallest spire in England [404 ft] and inside the nave is strikingly high and narrow. The oldest working clock in Europe is here, dating from 1386. Also on display is a copy of Magna Carta, an important legal document in English history that was drawn up in 1215. It is one of only four existing copies and the best preserved, attracting thousands of visitors each year,

From Salisbury, the modern pilgrim could very easily proceed to Bath Abbey, in Somerset. The site was first used for a religious building in 675; centuries of successive building and destruction followed until Queen Elizabeth I ordered the restoration of the ancient abbey in 1574. It has strikingly beautiful fan vaulting and the interior of the abbey is unexpectedly light because of the unusual number of windows. In the huge east window, the life of Christ is depicted in 56 scenes. The local stone that the visitor may have observed in the lovely city of Bath was used in the construction of the abbey, a stone that seems to glow, especially in the evening light.

Bath abbey became neglected when bishops of previous centuries preferred Wells cathedral. This striking cathedral is also in Somerset, not far from Bath, so that the earlier pilgrims on foot would have easily moved from one to the other, to gain in holiness. The building of Wells cathedral was begun in 1180 and who could fail to be impressed by first sight of its West Front, where nearly 300 medieval life-size statues still stand in their niches in the façade. Wells is an architectural delight both in and outside; the modern pilgrim can easily spend a day just gazing in admiration at the astounding achievements of medieval craftsmen.

A mere half-dozen cathedrals have been mentioned and there are, of course, many more. All have a unique charm, tremendous ambiance and to spend a vacation visiting any of them would be a richly rewarding experience, not to be quickly forgotten.




English Cathedrals tour

If you are looking for a different sort of vacation, if you are able to spend some time in England and you enjoy the sense of history that seems to ooze from the many old buildings there then consider doing a tour of some of the ancient cathedrals and abbeys that have stood for centuries in the towns and cities.

During the 12th and 13th centuries there was a great upsurge in the constuction of these remarkable, hugely detailed buildings; they still impress us today with their massive size and beauty so it is easy to imagine how awed medieval people would have been. It was thought then that simply visiting a holy place would impart holiness and so pilgrimage began. The pilgrims would travel from one holy shrine to another, often traveling in groups for safety and companionship. One such group, famous in literature, is the one depicted by Chaucer in his “Canterbury Tales” which shows us that the pilgrims were from all levels of society.

You could become a modern pilgrim, following a similar route to our ancient forebears, visiting the same great cathedrals though not on foot, perhaps, as they were. More than likely, the modern pilgrim will travel by car or as part of a tour group seeing a different town and cathedral each day.

Canterbury could be an appropriate cathedral to start your pilgrimage especially if, like Chaucer’s famous group, you set out from London, traveling south-east into the county of Kent, the lovely “Garden of England”. Canterbury is a magnificent cathedral whose history began as far back as 597AD with Saint Augustine. Its attraction as a pilgrimage destination grew after Archbishop Thomas Beckett was murdered in the cathedral in 1170 and it continues to attract thousands of pilgrims and visitors each year. This is the mother church of Anglicans and the sense of its history is inescapable as you tread on the massive flagstones and gaze up at the soaring arches. The visitor will devote many hours to the appreciation of the huge building both in and outside; here, as in all the medieval cathedrals, there are superb stained glass windows to admire.

In the heart of London is Westminster Abbey, the vision of King Edward the Confessor. It was consecrated in 1065 and since the crowning here of William the Conqueror in 1066 it has been traditional for royal coronations to take place here; the last coronation was that of Queen Elizabeth II in 1952. Over 1000 years of history can be traced through the tombs, the magnificent architecture is breathtaking; the sense of history as you touch the tombs of kings, queens and other great people from the past is humbling.

Also in London is Saint Paul’s cathedral, with its great dome that dominates the skyline. There has been a church on this site since 605, the first destroyed by fire, the second by Vikings in 962 and a third one again by fire, in 1087. Bad luck continued until Christopher Wren began restoration, but calamity struck again when The Great Fire of London in 1666 left the building a charred wreck. Wren then undertook the design and building of the magnificent building we admire today. Unlike the stark medieval cathedrals, Saint Paul’s is ornate, brilliantly white and gold and a dazzlingly beautiful monument to the 17th century.

In the county of Wiltshire, south-west of London you will find the city of Salisbury with its gothic cathedral built in the 13th century. This lovely cathedral is famed for having the tallest spire in England [404 ft] and inside the nave is strikingly high and narrow. The oldest working clock in Europe is here, dating from 1386. Also on display is a copy of Magna Carta, an important legal document in English history that was drawn up in 1215. It is one of only four existing copies and the best preserved, attracting thousands of visitors each year,

From Salisbury, the modern pilgrim could very easily proceed to Bath Abbey, in Somerset. The site was first used for a religious building in 675; centuries of successive building and destruction followed until Queen Elizabeth I ordered the restoration of the ancient abbey in 1574. It has strikingly beautiful fan vaulting and the interior of the abbey is unexpectedly light because of the unusual number of windows. In the huge east window, the life of Christ is depicted in 56 scenes. The local stone that the visitor may have observed in the lovely city of Bath was used in the construction of the abbey, a stone that seems to glow, especially in the evening light.

Bath abbey became neglected when bishops of previous centuries preferred Wells cathedral. This striking cathedral is also in Somerset, not far from Bath, so that the earlier pilgrims on foot would have easily moved from one to the other, to gain in holiness. The building of Wells cathedral was begun in 1180 and who could fail to be impressed by first sight of its West Front, where nearly 300 medieval life-size statues still stand in their niches in the façade. Wells is an architectural delight both in and outside; the modern pilgrim can easily spend a day just gazing in admiration at the astounding achievements of medieval craftsmen.

A mere half-dozen cathedrals have been mentioned and there are, of course, many more. All have a unique charm, tremendous ambiance and to spend a vacation visiting any of them would be a richly rewarding experience, not to be quickly forgotten.


A Visitors Guide to the Royal Parks of London



A Visitors Guide to the Royal Parks of London

Tourism is one of the largest industries in England, worth around one hundred and twenty seven billion a year. Part of what draws visitors to England is London, which boasts more international visitors than any other city in the world with an average fifteen million international visitors each year. While there are many indoor attractions that visitors can enjoy when the weather is bad, London also has some stunning outdoor parks which are both beautiful and enjoyable to explore.

The royal parks of London are eight public parks that are still owned by the crown, hence the royal epithet. Together they make up nearly 5,000 thousand acres of stunning parkland that is free to enter and enjoy. Free guided tours and walks are a common occurrence in the royal parks. In fact there is something going on nearly every week throughout the year ensuring that if you are a tourist there will always be something of interest going on.

Hyde Park covers 350 acres of central London making it very accessible via underground tube. Featuring a large lake for boating, meadows and ornamental gardens for walking round, tennis courts and even horse tracks for riding, it could be easily said that this park has something for everyone. If you get hungry there are two fully licensed restaurants serving great food and drink and afterwards why not take a walk around some of the many buildings and statues in this park. The most famous of course being the princess Diana memorial fountain.

Regents Park is in northern central London and covers 410 acres. This park features many things of interest for a wide range of people. Flower gardens include Queen Mary’s Garden which is London’s largest rose garden and a new wildlife friendly community garden. There is also an allotment garden which features special days full of games and activities. If you are of the more sporty variety then this is the park for you as it has the largest public grass area for sports in central London. The two biggest attractions in this park are the open air theatre which offers shows from May to September and London Zoo.

Greenwich Park is the oldest enclosed royal park and is home to some amazing wildlife. Covering a relatively small 183 acres and situated on top of a hill, this park gives some amazing views of London. This park is a world heritage site and a site of importance for nature conservation. At night this park becomes a feeding site for bats and other night time feeders. As well as this there are 30 different species of birds that breed in the park and two deer herds, one herd of red deer and one herd of fallow deer’s.

If wildlife does not grab visitors then there is also the Old Royal Observatory, a large site of roman remains, a child’s playground and boating lake. Cafes and refreshment points which serve a range of hot and cold snacks and drinks are located throughout the park.

Bushy Park is in southwest London and is the second largest royal park coming in at a whopping 1,100 acres. Like Greenwich Park there are deer herds here and the latest estimates put the amount of deer at around 320. Bushy Park features many sports facilities and it is home to Teddington Rugby Club, Teddington Hockey Club and four different cricket clubs. For the non sporty there are also fishing and boating ponds, wildlife conservation areas and horse rides. Additionally this park is home to the national physical laboratory. Like all royal gardens there are refreshment points and cafes throughout the park.

Richmond Park is the largest enclosed royal park covering a massive 2,500 acres. It is a national nature reserve and a site of special scientific interest. This park features many things to do and see with playgrounds for the children, many different buildings to explore and wildlife to enjoy. Special mention must be made of the Isabella Plantation which is an ornamental woodland garden full of exotic plants the year round. Cycling and horse riding routes are available and there are five local stables that ride in the area.

Kensington Gardens were once the private gardens of Kensington Palace and stands at around 270 acres. Laying west of Hyde Park, it is full of interesting things for tourists to both do and see. There is the magnificent Kensington Palace and beautiful Italian gardens, both of which are worthwhile site seeing trips. This garden is also home to the Princess Diana Memorial Playground and memorial walk. The walk itself is 9 miles long and takes you to famous sites associated with the princess. If you are disabled and have difficulty walking there is a service called liberty drives which is free for people who have difficulty getting around.

St James Park is a small park of 57 acres and is the oldest open park in London. Named after a leper hospital this park features many areas of natural beauty including St James Park Lake which features a small colony of pelicans. However for many tourists the attraction of this park is that you can see many royal occasions from here. These include changing the guard which happens daily during the spring and summer and on alternate days during autumn and winter. Once a year you can also see the trooping of the colour which marks the queen’s birthday and the royal marines beating retreat which occurs on two evenings in June.

Finally there is Green Park which is the smallest of the royal parks at 47 acres. Unlike the other royal parks there are no lakes and few buildings. There are two memorials to see however, the Canada Memorial and the recently opened RAF Bomber Command Memorial. This park consists almost entirely of trees and walks making it a nice place to just walk and relax. There are of course refreshment points available.

All these parks are easily accessible by rail, tube or bus and they all feature a selection of wildlife for people to spot. That they are all free to get into is a bonus and many of them would make ideal sites for a summer picnic, an evening stroll or just a nice change of pace from the hustle and bustle of London.




A Visitors Guide to the Royal Parks of London

Tourism is one of the largest industries in England, worth around one hundred and twenty seven billion a year. Part of what draws visitors to England is London, which boasts more international visitors than any other city in the world with an average fifteen million international visitors each year. While there are many indoor attractions that visitors can enjoy when the weather is bad, London also has some stunning outdoor parks which are both beautiful and enjoyable to explore.

The royal parks of London are eight public parks that are still owned by the crown, hence the royal epithet. Together they make up nearly 5,000 thousand acres of stunning parkland that is free to enter and enjoy. Free guided tours and walks are a common occurrence in the royal parks. In fact there is something going on nearly every week throughout the year ensuring that if you are a tourist there will always be something of interest going on.

Hyde Park covers 350 acres of central London making it very accessible via underground tube. Featuring a large lake for boating, meadows and ornamental gardens for walking round, tennis courts and even horse tracks for riding, it could be easily said that this park has something for everyone. If you get hungry there are two fully licensed restaurants serving great food and drink and afterwards why not take a walk around some of the many buildings and statues in this park. The most famous of course being the princess Diana memorial fountain.

Regents Park is in northern central London and covers 410 acres. This park features many things of interest for a wide range of people. Flower gardens include Queen Mary’s Garden which is London’s largest rose garden and a new wildlife friendly community garden. There is also an allotment garden which features special days full of games and activities. If you are of the more sporty variety then this is the park for you as it has the largest public grass area for sports in central London. The two biggest attractions in this park are the open air theatre which offers shows from May to September and London Zoo.

Greenwich Park is the oldest enclosed royal park and is home to some amazing wildlife. Covering a relatively small 183 acres and situated on top of a hill, this park gives some amazing views of London. This park is a world heritage site and a site of importance for nature conservation. At night this park becomes a feeding site for bats and other night time feeders. As well as this there are 30 different species of birds that breed in the park and two deer herds, one herd of red deer and one herd of fallow deer’s.

If wildlife does not grab visitors then there is also the Old Royal Observatory, a large site of roman remains, a child’s playground and boating lake. Cafes and refreshment points which serve a range of hot and cold snacks and drinks are located throughout the park.

Bushy Park is in southwest London and is the second largest royal park coming in at a whopping 1,100 acres. Like Greenwich Park there are deer herds here and the latest estimates put the amount of deer at around 320. Bushy Park features many sports facilities and it is home to Teddington Rugby Club, Teddington Hockey Club and four different cricket clubs. For the non sporty there are also fishing and boating ponds, wildlife conservation areas and horse rides. Additionally this park is home to the national physical laboratory. Like all royal gardens there are refreshment points and cafes throughout the park.

Richmond Park is the largest enclosed royal park covering a massive 2,500 acres. It is a national nature reserve and a site of special scientific interest. This park features many things to do and see with playgrounds for the children, many different buildings to explore and wildlife to enjoy. Special mention must be made of the Isabella Plantation which is an ornamental woodland garden full of exotic plants the year round. Cycling and horse riding routes are available and there are five local stables that ride in the area.

Kensington Gardens were once the private gardens of Kensington Palace and stands at around 270 acres. Laying west of Hyde Park, it is full of interesting things for tourists to both do and see. There is the magnificent Kensington Palace and beautiful Italian gardens, both of which are worthwhile site seeing trips. This garden is also home to the Princess Diana Memorial Playground and memorial walk. The walk itself is 9 miles long and takes you to famous sites associated with the princess. If you are disabled and have difficulty walking there is a service called liberty drives which is free for people who have difficulty getting around.

St James Park is a small park of 57 acres and is the oldest open park in London. Named after a leper hospital this park features many areas of natural beauty including St James Park Lake which features a small colony of pelicans. However for many tourists the attraction of this park is that you can see many royal occasions from here. These include changing the guard which happens daily during the spring and summer and on alternate days during autumn and winter. Once a year you can also see the trooping of the colour which marks the queen’s birthday and the royal marines beating retreat which occurs on two evenings in June.

Finally there is Green Park which is the smallest of the royal parks at 47 acres. Unlike the other royal parks there are no lakes and few buildings. There are two memorials to see however, the Canada Memorial and the recently opened RAF Bomber Command Memorial. This park consists almost entirely of trees and walks making it a nice place to just walk and relax. There are of course refreshment points available.

All these parks are easily accessible by rail, tube or bus and they all feature a selection of wildlife for people to spot. That they are all free to get into is a bonus and many of them would make ideal sites for a summer picnic, an evening stroll or just a nice change of pace from the hustle and bustle of London.


Constanţa travel icon will be restored in two years

Constanţa travel icon  will be restored in two years


The Government has re-approved the technical and economic indicators for the consolidation and restoration of the Constanta Casino, with the National Investment Company. Their total value is over 111 million lei and the duration is estimated at 30 months.

The Romanian government reappointed the technical and economic indicators for strengthening and restoring the Constanta Casino, the ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration announced on Wednesday.

The estimated duration of the project is 30 months (3 months design phase and 27 months execution).

The works will be carried out by the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration (MDRAP) through the National Investment Company (CNI) and the total estimated value of the investment is 111,553,449.35 lei (VAT included).

With regard to the documentation initially endorsed in 2015, the main changes concern:

• Functional reconfiguration and adaptation of the interior and exterior spaces to the new functions proposed by the design theme, representative of the social-cultural life of the city and for an "A" category monument of exceptional architectural and historical value;

• adapting architectural, structural and installation projects to the new proposed functions, taking into account the updating of the expertise and studies at this design phase;

• revision of architectural and artistic components documentation (mural painting, stucco-marble, polychrome stucco, metal and stained glass) to adequately treat the degradation occurring between 2014 and 2018;

• updating the design norms and the legislation in the field, "the Ministry of Development specifies.

"Today we have committed ourselves to being rehabilitated by this emblematic objective of Romania and I am convinced that we will be able to accomplish this project, which is highly expected by all Romanians," said Deputy Prime Minister Vasile Daniel Suciu.

Thus, consolidation and restoration works (building S + P + 1E + M, partial bridge and access ramp to the basement) and the exterior ones (terraced platform rehabilitation, utilities networks, defense wall and railing) are proposed.

The main changes to the documentation endorsed in 2015 refer to: functional reconfiguration and adaptation of interior and exterior spaces to the new functions proposed by the design theme, representative of the social and cultural life of the city and of an architectural and architectural monument of "A" category exceptional history; adapting architectural, structural and installation projects to the new proposed functions, taking into account the updating of the expertise and studies at this design phase;review of architectural and artistic components (mural, stucco-marble, polychromatic stucco, metal and stained glass) to adequately address the degradation occurring between 2014 and 2018; updating the design norms and legislation in the field.

Following the consolidation and restoration work, the casino will be relayed to the public circuit and the most important Art Nouveau building will be highlighted.

The casino will host cultural events, symposiums, exhibitions, a 200-seat multipurpose hall and a 150-seat festive hall.

The Constanta travel icon passed almost four years ago from the municipality to the National Investment Company to be restored, and since then the three organized auctions have been challenged and finally canceled.

The building entered last year's list of the seven most endangered sites in Europe.


Constanţa travel icon  will be restored in two years


The Government has re-approved the technical and economic indicators for the consolidation and restoration of the Constanta Casino, with the National Investment Company. Their total value is over 111 million lei and the duration is estimated at 30 months.

The Romanian government reappointed the technical and economic indicators for strengthening and restoring the Constanta Casino, the ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration announced on Wednesday.

The estimated duration of the project is 30 months (3 months design phase and 27 months execution).

The works will be carried out by the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration (MDRAP) through the National Investment Company (CNI) and the total estimated value of the investment is 111,553,449.35 lei (VAT included).

With regard to the documentation initially endorsed in 2015, the main changes concern:

• Functional reconfiguration and adaptation of the interior and exterior spaces to the new functions proposed by the design theme, representative of the social-cultural life of the city and for an "A" category monument of exceptional architectural and historical value;

• adapting architectural, structural and installation projects to the new proposed functions, taking into account the updating of the expertise and studies at this design phase;

• revision of architectural and artistic components documentation (mural painting, stucco-marble, polychrome stucco, metal and stained glass) to adequately treat the degradation occurring between 2014 and 2018;

• updating the design norms and the legislation in the field, "the Ministry of Development specifies.

"Today we have committed ourselves to being rehabilitated by this emblematic objective of Romania and I am convinced that we will be able to accomplish this project, which is highly expected by all Romanians," said Deputy Prime Minister Vasile Daniel Suciu.

Thus, consolidation and restoration works (building S + P + 1E + M, partial bridge and access ramp to the basement) and the exterior ones (terraced platform rehabilitation, utilities networks, defense wall and railing) are proposed.

The main changes to the documentation endorsed in 2015 refer to: functional reconfiguration and adaptation of interior and exterior spaces to the new functions proposed by the design theme, representative of the social and cultural life of the city and of an architectural and architectural monument of "A" category exceptional history; adapting architectural, structural and installation projects to the new proposed functions, taking into account the updating of the expertise and studies at this design phase;review of architectural and artistic components (mural, stucco-marble, polychromatic stucco, metal and stained glass) to adequately address the degradation occurring between 2014 and 2018; updating the design norms and legislation in the field.

Following the consolidation and restoration work, the casino will be relayed to the public circuit and the most important Art Nouveau building will be highlighted.

The casino will host cultural events, symposiums, exhibitions, a 200-seat multipurpose hall and a 150-seat festive hall.

The Constanta travel icon passed almost four years ago from the municipality to the National Investment Company to be restored, and since then the three organized auctions have been challenged and finally canceled.

The building entered last year's list of the seven most endangered sites in Europe.


French travel icon affected by a devastating fire



French travel icon affected by a devastating fire

A massive fire broke out Monday night at the famous Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris at about 7 pm, and the destruction was devastating. There are no known causes of fire, but it is suspected that fire would have started from renovation work.

The French authorities say I do not think it was a criminal hand. The long, gothic tower fell under the flames an hour after the outbreak of the fire. The roof of the cathedral collapsed as well, having a wooden structure.

Notre-Dame Catholic Cathedral in Paris was severely affected by a devastating fire , but the two emblematic towers and structure of the edifice were saved. French sportsmen, and not only them, have suffered, sending emotional messages on social networks. But people in the sport have gone to the deeds too.

The Paris Prosecutor's Office opened an investigation into the fire at Notre-Dame Cathedral, but it is difficult to know because the flames have consumed much of the evidence. The first pictures inside the historical monument appeared.
We still know very little about the origin of the huge fire that destroyed Notre Dame in Paris on Monday, April 15th. After several hours of hesitation, the Paris prosecutor opened a Monday night investigation for "involuntary fire destruction," The investigations conducted by the Regional Department of the Judicial Police may be extremely long and delicate. According to the first elements of the investigation, it is true that the fire broke out shortly before 19 o'clock. A local fire at the Notre-Dame cathedral in Paris is triggered around 18:50 local time. Several hundred firefighters spoke for hours to quench the flames of the historic monument. Very quickly, the fire that broke out somewhere in the attic in the upper area of ​​the edifice contained a tower that broke and collapsed inside. The investigation was entrusted to the criminal brigade of the police, due to the complexity of the investigations and the extent of the damage, writes Le Parisien. A crash track is privileged. On the sides of the cathedral there were scaffolding for renovation work. Investigators study the hypothesis of an outbreak caused by a welding work carried out on the wooden grate.


The shingle is very old, a part of the wood is decomposing, spongy, a weld or a short circuit can cause an undeniable spark for several hours, even days, which can turn into a burning fire. Judicial experts will have to find where they started the fire to determine whether they are negligent and who is responsible. The fire broke out at peak time, when the center of Paris, including Ile de la Cite, the island of Sena where Notre Dame is, car jam. In fact, the pictures say it all. Instead of departing from the fire, many Parisians and tourists went to the cathedral, while 400 firemen tried to get as close as possible. One of the most dramatic moments was the collapse of the cathedral's tower or fleece, as it is said, that is, that arrow-shaped tower from the middle of the cathedral, which was 93 meters high. With the fleece, the roof over the impressive length of the cathedral collapsed, 130 meters. Although they intervened with 16 cannons of water, all that the firemen could do was to fight the outbreaks they could access outside of the monument. No one knew what remained inside after the roof fell. It was believed that the Gothic columns and arches of the stone were also likely to be affected, but it was hoped that the structure of the abode resisted the shock.

Disturbing, torrid images. Paris travel icon burning like a torch Monday night in Paris. The emblematic monument in the heart of the capital of France, which lasts for 850 years, has been disfigured by a devastating fire, apparently triggered by restoration work.  The long, central tower, rising to 96 meters, collapsed under the flames, with some of the roof.In Catholic Weeks, people had knelt around the edifice and prayed. They prayed that the firefighters, the 400 fired firefighters, would turn off the fire. Save the Gothic masterpiece. At four in the morning, after nine hours of fighting, the flames were gone. Notre-Dame was standing. With his famous twin towers resisting heroic.

L'Équipe did not forget that every year, runners admire Notre-Dame in the Paris Marathon. He recalled that in 2009, the last stage of the French Tour passed by the cathedral, with Alberto Contador wearing the yellow shirt. And, long ago, between 1905 and 1945, L'Auto, the opener for L'Équipe, organized the rowing race under the shadow of the famous medieval building.Athletes, especially the French, but not only them, suffered, sending emotional messages on social networks. "My heart burns," wrote Evan Fournier , the basketball player at Orlando Magic, complemented by Sarah Ourahmoune, Olympic boxing champion: "Our history burns." While André-Pierre Gignac, the footballer of Tigres, watched with distant pain as "900 years of history goes into smoke."

Inside, the damage is lower than we would have expected, given the violence with which the flames were manifested. The first pictures inside the Notre-Dame Cathedral, which were severely damaged on Monday night by a devastating fire, appeared. Mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, quoted by a Le Monde journalist, says there is a huge hole in the vault, near the place where the tower has fallen and collapsed over the nave, but the altar and cross are full. Also, the chief architect for historical monuments, says that in large part, the "treasure" is saved. On Tuesday there will be an inventory of the paintings of the chapels around the nave, which may have been blackened by smoke or water. "What is worse is avoided, even if the battle has not been fully won," the head of state said on the spot, on the steps of the edifice. But "we will rebuild this cathedral," he promised.

Less known travel icons included in UNESCO heritage

In recent years, UNESCO has expanded the catalog to include more examples of traditional cultures around the world. It includes fascinating and remarkable places, recommended to be visited in 2017.

World Heritage Site - Wikipedia
World Heritage Site is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific ...

If you want to get this summer in places you have never seen before, UNESCO has made the list of less known sites recommended for the holiday of 2017. Some are a masterpiece of human genius, others are testimony to lost civilizations or natural inspiring beauty, writes architecturaldigest.com.

Iguazu National Park (Brazil-Argentina border)

Iguazu National Park is located on the border between Brazil and Argentina, where the Iguazu River flows into majestic waterfalls, shrouded in the mist of the forest landscape.

The Peace Churches of Jawor and Świdnica (Poland)

The Peace Churches of Jawor and Świdnica are the largest wooden worship centers in Europe, built in the mid-17th century.

Al Hijr (Saudi Arabia)

Al Hijr represents the non-Athenian civilization, which thrived in the pre-Islamic period from the second and third centuries BC.

Antequera Dolmens Site (Spain)Antequera Dolmens (3 BC) in southern Spain offers five monuments from the Neolithic and Bronze Age. This site was listed on the World Heritage List in 2016.

Historical villages of Shirakawa-go and Gokayama (Japan)

Traditional villages have survived in a distant mountainous region of Japan. The Gassho style houses are situated in an environment that has been adapted over the centuries.

Mayan Site in Copan (Honduras)

The spectacular ruins of Copan evoke the grandeur and mystery of the Mayan Empire, with its pyramids and hieroglyphs.

Old Town of Dubrovnik (Croatia)

The old town of Dubrovnik, located on the Croatian coast of Dalmatia, houses examples of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architecture.

Ha Long Bay (Vietnam)

Ha Long Bay, located 165 kilometers from the capital of Hanoi, includes 2,000 islands that rise from the turquoise waters of Tonkin Bay.

Blue Mountains and John Crow (Jamaica)

This forested mountainous region of Jamaica is known not only for its natural beauty and biodiversity, but also for serving as a refuge for the Tainos servants and later for the liberated Africans.

Valley of the Great Rift (Kenya)

Kenyan Lakes in the Great Rift Valley are populated by flamingos, pelicans, black rhinos, giraffes, lions, cheetahs and wild dogs. Efficient management of this area ensures that the site remains on the World Heritage List.

Protecting Our Heritage and Fostering Creativity
In today's interconnected world, culture's power to transform societies is clear. Its diverse manifestations – from our cherished historic monuments and museums ...












French travel icon affected by a devastating fire

A massive fire broke out Monday night at the famous Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris at about 7 pm, and the destruction was devastating. There are no known causes of fire, but it is suspected that fire would have started from renovation work.

The French authorities say I do not think it was a criminal hand. The long, gothic tower fell under the flames an hour after the outbreak of the fire. The roof of the cathedral collapsed as well, having a wooden structure.

Notre-Dame Catholic Cathedral in Paris was severely affected by a devastating fire , but the two emblematic towers and structure of the edifice were saved. French sportsmen, and not only them, have suffered, sending emotional messages on social networks. But people in the sport have gone to the deeds too.

The Paris Prosecutor's Office opened an investigation into the fire at Notre-Dame Cathedral, but it is difficult to know because the flames have consumed much of the evidence. The first pictures inside the historical monument appeared.
We still know very little about the origin of the huge fire that destroyed Notre Dame in Paris on Monday, April 15th. After several hours of hesitation, the Paris prosecutor opened a Monday night investigation for "involuntary fire destruction," The investigations conducted by the Regional Department of the Judicial Police may be extremely long and delicate. According to the first elements of the investigation, it is true that the fire broke out shortly before 19 o'clock. A local fire at the Notre-Dame cathedral in Paris is triggered around 18:50 local time. Several hundred firefighters spoke for hours to quench the flames of the historic monument. Very quickly, the fire that broke out somewhere in the attic in the upper area of ​​the edifice contained a tower that broke and collapsed inside. The investigation was entrusted to the criminal brigade of the police, due to the complexity of the investigations and the extent of the damage, writes Le Parisien. A crash track is privileged. On the sides of the cathedral there were scaffolding for renovation work. Investigators study the hypothesis of an outbreak caused by a welding work carried out on the wooden grate.


The shingle is very old, a part of the wood is decomposing, spongy, a weld or a short circuit can cause an undeniable spark for several hours, even days, which can turn into a burning fire. Judicial experts will have to find where they started the fire to determine whether they are negligent and who is responsible. The fire broke out at peak time, when the center of Paris, including Ile de la Cite, the island of Sena where Notre Dame is, car jam. In fact, the pictures say it all. Instead of departing from the fire, many Parisians and tourists went to the cathedral, while 400 firemen tried to get as close as possible. One of the most dramatic moments was the collapse of the cathedral's tower or fleece, as it is said, that is, that arrow-shaped tower from the middle of the cathedral, which was 93 meters high. With the fleece, the roof over the impressive length of the cathedral collapsed, 130 meters. Although they intervened with 16 cannons of water, all that the firemen could do was to fight the outbreaks they could access outside of the monument. No one knew what remained inside after the roof fell. It was believed that the Gothic columns and arches of the stone were also likely to be affected, but it was hoped that the structure of the abode resisted the shock.

Disturbing, torrid images. Paris travel icon burning like a torch Monday night in Paris. The emblematic monument in the heart of the capital of France, which lasts for 850 years, has been disfigured by a devastating fire, apparently triggered by restoration work.  The long, central tower, rising to 96 meters, collapsed under the flames, with some of the roof.In Catholic Weeks, people had knelt around the edifice and prayed. They prayed that the firefighters, the 400 fired firefighters, would turn off the fire. Save the Gothic masterpiece. At four in the morning, after nine hours of fighting, the flames were gone. Notre-Dame was standing. With his famous twin towers resisting heroic.

L'Équipe did not forget that every year, runners admire Notre-Dame in the Paris Marathon. He recalled that in 2009, the last stage of the French Tour passed by the cathedral, with Alberto Contador wearing the yellow shirt. And, long ago, between 1905 and 1945, L'Auto, the opener for L'Équipe, organized the rowing race under the shadow of the famous medieval building.Athletes, especially the French, but not only them, suffered, sending emotional messages on social networks. "My heart burns," wrote Evan Fournier , the basketball player at Orlando Magic, complemented by Sarah Ourahmoune, Olympic boxing champion: "Our history burns." While André-Pierre Gignac, the footballer of Tigres, watched with distant pain as "900 years of history goes into smoke."

Inside, the damage is lower than we would have expected, given the violence with which the flames were manifested. The first pictures inside the Notre-Dame Cathedral, which were severely damaged on Monday night by a devastating fire, appeared. Mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, quoted by a Le Monde journalist, says there is a huge hole in the vault, near the place where the tower has fallen and collapsed over the nave, but the altar and cross are full. Also, the chief architect for historical monuments, says that in large part, the "treasure" is saved. On Tuesday there will be an inventory of the paintings of the chapels around the nave, which may have been blackened by smoke or water. "What is worse is avoided, even if the battle has not been fully won," the head of state said on the spot, on the steps of the edifice. But "we will rebuild this cathedral," he promised.

Less known travel icons included in UNESCO heritage

In recent years, UNESCO has expanded the catalog to include more examples of traditional cultures around the world. It includes fascinating and remarkable places, recommended to be visited in 2017.

World Heritage Site - Wikipedia
World Heritage Site is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific ...

If you want to get this summer in places you have never seen before, UNESCO has made the list of less known sites recommended for the holiday of 2017. Some are a masterpiece of human genius, others are testimony to lost civilizations or natural inspiring beauty, writes architecturaldigest.com.

Iguazu National Park (Brazil-Argentina border)

Iguazu National Park is located on the border between Brazil and Argentina, where the Iguazu River flows into majestic waterfalls, shrouded in the mist of the forest landscape.

The Peace Churches of Jawor and Świdnica (Poland)

The Peace Churches of Jawor and Świdnica are the largest wooden worship centers in Europe, built in the mid-17th century.

Al Hijr (Saudi Arabia)

Al Hijr represents the non-Athenian civilization, which thrived in the pre-Islamic period from the second and third centuries BC.

Antequera Dolmens Site (Spain)Antequera Dolmens (3 BC) in southern Spain offers five monuments from the Neolithic and Bronze Age. This site was listed on the World Heritage List in 2016.

Historical villages of Shirakawa-go and Gokayama (Japan)

Traditional villages have survived in a distant mountainous region of Japan. The Gassho style houses are situated in an environment that has been adapted over the centuries.

Mayan Site in Copan (Honduras)

The spectacular ruins of Copan evoke the grandeur and mystery of the Mayan Empire, with its pyramids and hieroglyphs.

Old Town of Dubrovnik (Croatia)

The old town of Dubrovnik, located on the Croatian coast of Dalmatia, houses examples of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architecture.

Ha Long Bay (Vietnam)

Ha Long Bay, located 165 kilometers from the capital of Hanoi, includes 2,000 islands that rise from the turquoise waters of Tonkin Bay.

Blue Mountains and John Crow (Jamaica)

This forested mountainous region of Jamaica is known not only for its natural beauty and biodiversity, but also for serving as a refuge for the Tainos servants and later for the liberated Africans.

Valley of the Great Rift (Kenya)

Kenyan Lakes in the Great Rift Valley are populated by flamingos, pelicans, black rhinos, giraffes, lions, cheetahs and wild dogs. Efficient management of this area ensures that the site remains on the World Heritage List.

Protecting Our Heritage and Fostering Creativity
In today's interconnected world, culture's power to transform societies is clear. Its diverse manifestations – from our cherished historic monuments and museums ...










Story of a woman who lived alone on an island for 18 years



Story of a woman who lived alone on an island for 18 years

100 kilometers off the coast of California is Channel Islands (not to be confused with those of the English Channel with the same name), also known as the Islands of Santa Barbara, represent a series of five islands that have been isolated from the rest of the world for thousands of years. The island of San Nicolas was the home of the Nicoleño people, a tribe of natives who only had contact with the tribes on the other islands. This changed in the nineteenth century, which led to the story of the tribe's last survivor.

In 1811, a group of Russian fur traders arrived at the island looking for raw material, because the islands were abundant in seals and in seagrass, reports The Vintage News .

The merchants and the Nicoleño tribe entered into conflict, but the tribe was overtaken technologically.If it was not the intervention of the Spaniards - who had an interest in the island's resources - Nicoleño could disappear completely.

However, the male population was decimated, and the tribe was left vulnerable to Catholic missions , which took advantage of the opportunity to convert the population. In the 19th century, this was done by taking local people and distributing them to the mission system, where they were used as cheap labor.

In 1835, the island's population was just a few hundred, and the Santa Barbara Mission sent a ship to evacuate the island, bringing the last natives to the mainland as a hand.

Here begins the story of the woman named Juana Maria. There are two theories about how he stayed on the island : either he was left out of the accident or fled from the ship to return. In any case, the end is the same: it was left on the island, and the ship did not return after it.

People were impressed by her strength

The official version was that the island was completely deserted. Often there were stories from the crews of the ships that passed near the island, according to which there was an "appearance" on the blurred island.

Because of these stories, interest in the island has increased. In 1853, 18 years after evacuating the island, Captain George Nidever wanted to find this appearance, and in the first two voyages he walked over footsteps on the beach.

On the third voyage, he found three huts made of whale bones. In front of them was Juana Maria, and from the first moment, the crew knew what she had done to survive.

According to Carl Dittman, a crew member, "the woman stood on the ground and separated the fat from the skin of the seal."

The crew was amazed that somebody survived a deserted island for so long. Trying to communicate with it, they noticed they could not understand it. In the last 18 years he has been alone on the island, and his language has deteriorated to the point where he could barely articulate words.

However, sailors stayed on the island for several weeks while Juana Maria showed them how she survived, how she hunted, sang, and they were impressed by her strength.

When it was time to leave, the woman joined them, reaching Santa Barbara. Juana Maria, a name she received from the Catholic mission, remained with Captain Nidever for about seven months until the woman's death, most likely caused by a trivial disease that the immune system could not reject.




Story of a woman who lived alone on an island for 18 years

100 kilometers off the coast of California is Channel Islands (not to be confused with those of the English Channel with the same name), also known as the Islands of Santa Barbara, represent a series of five islands that have been isolated from the rest of the world for thousands of years. The island of San Nicolas was the home of the Nicoleño people, a tribe of natives who only had contact with the tribes on the other islands. This changed in the nineteenth century, which led to the story of the tribe's last survivor.

In 1811, a group of Russian fur traders arrived at the island looking for raw material, because the islands were abundant in seals and in seagrass, reports The Vintage News .

The merchants and the Nicoleño tribe entered into conflict, but the tribe was overtaken technologically.If it was not the intervention of the Spaniards - who had an interest in the island's resources - Nicoleño could disappear completely.

However, the male population was decimated, and the tribe was left vulnerable to Catholic missions , which took advantage of the opportunity to convert the population. In the 19th century, this was done by taking local people and distributing them to the mission system, where they were used as cheap labor.

In 1835, the island's population was just a few hundred, and the Santa Barbara Mission sent a ship to evacuate the island, bringing the last natives to the mainland as a hand.

Here begins the story of the woman named Juana Maria. There are two theories about how he stayed on the island : either he was left out of the accident or fled from the ship to return. In any case, the end is the same: it was left on the island, and the ship did not return after it.

People were impressed by her strength

The official version was that the island was completely deserted. Often there were stories from the crews of the ships that passed near the island, according to which there was an "appearance" on the blurred island.

Because of these stories, interest in the island has increased. In 1853, 18 years after evacuating the island, Captain George Nidever wanted to find this appearance, and in the first two voyages he walked over footsteps on the beach.

On the third voyage, he found three huts made of whale bones. In front of them was Juana Maria, and from the first moment, the crew knew what she had done to survive.

According to Carl Dittman, a crew member, "the woman stood on the ground and separated the fat from the skin of the seal."

The crew was amazed that somebody survived a deserted island for so long. Trying to communicate with it, they noticed they could not understand it. In the last 18 years he has been alone on the island, and his language has deteriorated to the point where he could barely articulate words.

However, sailors stayed on the island for several weeks while Juana Maria showed them how she survived, how she hunted, sang, and they were impressed by her strength.

When it was time to leave, the woman joined them, reaching Santa Barbara. Juana Maria, a name she received from the Catholic mission, remained with Captain Nidever for about seven months until the woman's death, most likely caused by a trivial disease that the immune system could not reject.


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