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English Cathedrals tour

English Cathedrals tour

If you are looking for a different sort of vacation, if you are able to spend some time in England and you enjoy the sense of history that seems to ooze from the many old buildings there then consider doing a tour of some of the ancient cathedrals and abbeys that have stood for centuries in the towns and cities.

During the 12th and 13th centuries there was a great upsurge in the constuction of these remarkable, hugely detailed buildings; they still impress us today with their massive size and beauty so it is easy to imagine how awed medieval people would have been. It was thought then that simply visiting a holy place would impart holiness and so pilgrimage began. The pilgrims would travel from one holy shrine to another, often traveling in groups for safety and companionship. One such group, famous in literature, is the one depicted by Chaucer in his “Canterbury Tales” which shows us that the pilgrims were from all levels of society.

You could become a modern pilgrim, following a similar route to our ancient forebears, visiting the same great cathedrals though not on foot, perhaps, as they were. More than likely, the modern pilgrim will travel by car or as part of a tour group seeing a different town and cathedral each day.

Canterbury could be an appropriate cathedral to start your pilgrimage especially if, like Chaucer’s famous group, you set out from London, traveling south-east into the county of Kent, the lovely “Garden of England”. Canterbury is a magnificent cathedral whose history began as far back as 597AD with Saint Augustine. Its attraction as a pilgrimage destination grew after Archbishop Thomas Beckett was murdered in the cathedral in 1170 and it continues to attract thousands of pilgrims and visitors each year. This is the mother church of Anglicans and the sense of its history is inescapable as you tread on the massive flagstones and gaze up at the soaring arches. The visitor will devote many hours to the appreciation of the huge building both in and outside; here, as in all the medieval cathedrals, there are superb stained glass windows to admire.

In the heart of London is Westminster Abbey, the vision of King Edward the Confessor. It was consecrated in 1065 and since the crowning here of William the Conqueror in 1066 it has been traditional for royal coronations to take place here; the last coronation was that of Queen Elizabeth II in 1952. Over 1000 years of history can be traced through the tombs, the magnificent architecture is breathtaking; the sense of history as you touch the tombs of kings, queens and other great people from the past is humbling.

Also in London is Saint Paul’s cathedral, with its great dome that dominates the skyline. There has been a church on this site since 605, the first destroyed by fire, the second by Vikings in 962 and a third one again by fire, in 1087. Bad luck continued until Christopher Wren began restoration, but calamity struck again when The Great Fire of London in 1666 left the building a charred wreck. Wren then undertook the design and building of the magnificent building we admire today. Unlike the stark medieval cathedrals, Saint Paul’s is ornate, brilliantly white and gold and a dazzlingly beautiful monument to the 17th century.

In the county of Wiltshire, south-west of London you will find the city of Salisbury with its gothic cathedral built in the 13th century. This lovely cathedral is famed for having the tallest spire in England [404 ft] and inside the nave is strikingly high and narrow. The oldest working clock in Europe is here, dating from 1386. Also on display is a copy of Magna Carta, an important legal document in English history that was drawn up in 1215. It is one of only four existing copies and the best preserved, attracting thousands of visitors each year,

From Salisbury, the modern pilgrim could very easily proceed to Bath Abbey, in Somerset. The site was first used for a religious building in 675; centuries of successive building and destruction followed until Queen Elizabeth I ordered the restoration of the ancient abbey in 1574. It has strikingly beautiful fan vaulting and the interior of the abbey is unexpectedly light because of the unusual number of windows. In the huge east window, the life of Christ is depicted in 56 scenes. The local stone that the visitor may have observed in the lovely city of Bath was used in the construction of the abbey, a stone that seems to glow, especially in the evening light.

Bath abbey became neglected when bishops of previous centuries preferred Wells cathedral. This striking cathedral is also in Somerset, not far from Bath, so that the earlier pilgrims on foot would have easily moved from one to the other, to gain in holiness. The building of Wells cathedral was begun in 1180 and who could fail to be impressed by first sight of its West Front, where nearly 300 medieval life-size statues still stand in their niches in the façade. Wells is an architectural delight both in and outside; the modern pilgrim can easily spend a day just gazing in admiration at the astounding achievements of medieval craftsmen.

A mere half-dozen cathedrals have been mentioned and there are, of course, many more. All have a unique charm, tremendous ambiance and to spend a vacation visiting any of them would be a richly rewarding experience, not to be quickly forgotten.

A Visitors Guide to the Royal Parks of London

A Visitors Guide to the Royal Parks of London

Tourism is one of the largest industries in England, worth around one hundred and twenty seven billion a year. Part of what draws visitors to England is London, which boasts more international visitors than any other city in the world with an average fifteen million international visitors each year. While there are many indoor attractions that visitors can enjoy when the weather is bad, London also has some stunning outdoor parks which are both beautiful and enjoyable to explore.

The royal parks of London are eight public parks that are still owned by the crown, hence the royal epithet. Together they make up nearly 5,000 thousand acres of stunning parkland that is free to enter and enjoy. Free guided tours and walks are a common occurrence in the royal parks. In fact there is something going on nearly every week throughout the year ensuring that if you are a tourist there will always be something of interest going on.

Hyde Park covers 350 acres of central London making it very accessible via underground tube. Featuring a large lake for boating, meadows and ornamental gardens for walking round, tennis courts and even horse tracks for riding, it could be easily said that this park has something for everyone. If you get hungry there are two fully licensed restaurants serving great food and drink and afterwards why not take a walk around some of the many buildings and statues in this park. The most famous of course being the princess Diana memorial fountain.

Regents Park is in northern central London and covers 410 acres. This park features many things of interest for a wide range of people. Flower gardens include Queen Mary’s Garden which is London’s largest rose garden and a new wildlife friendly community garden. There is also an allotment garden which features special days full of games and activities. If you are of the more sporty variety then this is the park for you as it has the largest public grass area for sports in central London. The two biggest attractions in this park are the open air theatre which offers shows from May to September and London Zoo.

Greenwich Park is the oldest enclosed royal park and is home to some amazing wildlife. Covering a relatively small 183 acres and situated on top of a hill, this park gives some amazing views of London. This park is a world heritage site and a site of importance for nature conservation. At night this park becomes a feeding site for bats and other night time feeders. As well as this there are 30 different species of birds that breed in the park and two deer herds, one herd of red deer and one herd of fallow deer’s.

If wildlife does not grab visitors then there is also the Old Royal Observatory, a large site of roman remains, a child’s playground and boating lake. Cafes and refreshment points which serve a range of hot and cold snacks and drinks are located throughout the park.

Bushy Park is in southwest London and is the second largest royal park coming in at a whopping 1,100 acres. Like Greenwich Park there are deer herds here and the latest estimates put the amount of deer at around 320. Bushy Park features many sports facilities and it is home to Teddington Rugby Club, Teddington Hockey Club and four different cricket clubs. For the non sporty there are also fishing and boating ponds, wildlife conservation areas and horse rides. Additionally this park is home to the national physical laboratory. Like all royal gardens there are refreshment points and cafes throughout the park.

Richmond Park is the largest enclosed royal park covering a massive 2,500 acres. It is a national nature reserve and a site of special scientific interest. This park features many things to do and see with playgrounds for the children, many different buildings to explore and wildlife to enjoy. Special mention must be made of the Isabella Plantation which is an ornamental woodland garden full of exotic plants the year round. Cycling and horse riding routes are available and there are five local stables that ride in the area.

Kensington Gardens were once the private gardens of Kensington Palace and stands at around 270 acres. Laying west of Hyde Park, it is full of interesting things for tourists to both do and see. There is the magnificent Kensington Palace and beautiful Italian gardens, both of which are worthwhile site seeing trips. This garden is also home to the Princess Diana Memorial Playground and memorial walk. The walk itself is 9 miles long and takes you to famous sites associated with the princess. If you are disabled and have difficulty walking there is a service called liberty drives which is free for people who have difficulty getting around.

St James Park is a small park of 57 acres and is the oldest open park in London. Named after a leper hospital this park features many areas of natural beauty including St James Park Lake which features a small colony of pelicans. However for many tourists the attraction of this park is that you can see many royal occasions from here. These include changing the guard which happens daily during the spring and summer and on alternate days during autumn and winter. Once a year you can also see the trooping of the colour which marks the queen’s birthday and the royal marines beating retreat which occurs on two evenings in June.

Finally there is Green Park which is the smallest of the royal parks at 47 acres. Unlike the other royal parks there are no lakes and few buildings. There are two memorials to see however, the Canada Memorial and the recently opened RAF Bomber Command Memorial. This park consists almost entirely of trees and walks making it a nice place to just walk and relax. There are of course refreshment points available.

All these parks are easily accessible by rail, tube or bus and they all feature a selection of wildlife for people to spot. That they are all free to get into is a bonus and many of them would make ideal sites for a summer picnic, an evening stroll or just a nice change of pace from the hustle and bustle of London.

Constanţa travel icon will be restored in two years

Constanţa travel icon  will be restored in two years

The Government has re-approved the technical and economic indicators for the consolidation and restoration of the Constanta Casino, with the National Investment Company. Their total value is over 111 million lei and the duration is estimated at 30 months.

The Romanian government reappointed the technical and economic indicators for strengthening and restoring the Constanta Casino, the ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration announced on Wednesday.

The estimated duration of the project is 30 months (3 months design phase and 27 months execution).

The works will be carried out by the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration (MDRAP) through the National Investment Company (CNI) and the total estimated value of the investment is 111,553,449.35 lei (VAT included).

With regard to the documentation initially endorsed in 2015, the main changes concern:

• Functional reconfiguration and adaptation of the interior and exterior spaces to the new functions proposed by the design theme, representative of the social-cultural life of the city and for an "A" category monument of exceptional architectural and historical value;

• adapting architectural, structural and installation projects to the new proposed functions, taking into account the updating of the expertise and studies at this design phase;

• revision of architectural and artistic components documentation (mural painting, stucco-marble, polychrome stucco, metal and stained glass) to adequately treat the degradation occurring between 2014 and 2018;

• updating the design norms and the legislation in the field, "the Ministry of Development specifies.

"Today we have committed ourselves to being rehabilitated by this emblematic objective of Romania and I am convinced that we will be able to accomplish this project, which is highly expected by all Romanians," said Deputy Prime Minister Vasile Daniel Suciu.

Thus, consolidation and restoration works (building S + P + 1E + M, partial bridge and access ramp to the basement) and the exterior ones (terraced platform rehabilitation, utilities networks, defense wall and railing) are proposed.

The main changes to the documentation endorsed in 2015 refer to: functional reconfiguration and adaptation of interior and exterior spaces to the new functions proposed by the design theme, representative of the social and cultural life of the city and of an architectural and architectural monument of "A" category exceptional history; adapting architectural, structural and installation projects to the new proposed functions, taking into account the updating of the expertise and studies at this design phase;review of architectural and artistic components (mural, stucco-marble, polychromatic stucco, metal and stained glass) to adequately address the degradation occurring between 2014 and 2018; updating the design norms and legislation in the field.

Following the consolidation and restoration work, the casino will be relayed to the public circuit and the most important Art Nouveau building will be highlighted.

The casino will host cultural events, symposiums, exhibitions, a 200-seat multipurpose hall and a 150-seat festive hall.

The Constanta travel icon passed almost four years ago from the municipality to the National Investment Company to be restored, and since then the three organized auctions have been challenged and finally canceled.

The building entered last year's list of the seven most endangered sites in Europe.

French travel icon affected by a devastating fire

French travel icon affected by a devastating fire

A massive fire broke out Monday night at the famous Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris at about 7 pm, and the destruction was devastating. There are no known causes of fire, but it is suspected that fire would have started from renovation work.

The French authorities say I do not think it was a criminal hand. The long, gothic tower fell under the flames an hour after the outbreak of the fire. The roof of the cathedral collapsed as well, having a wooden structure.

Notre-Dame Catholic Cathedral in Paris was severely affected by a devastating fire , but the two emblematic towers and structure of the edifice were saved. French sportsmen, and not only them, have suffered, sending emotional messages on social networks. But people in the sport have gone to the deeds too.

The Paris Prosecutor's Office opened an investigation into the fire at Notre-Dame Cathedral, but it is difficult to know because the flames have consumed much of the evidence. The first pictures inside the historical monument appeared.
We still know very little about the origin of the huge fire that destroyed Notre Dame in Paris on Monday, April 15th. After several hours of hesitation, the Paris prosecutor opened a Monday night investigation for "involuntary fire destruction," The investigations conducted by the Regional Department of the Judicial Police may be extremely long and delicate. According to the first elements of the investigation, it is true that the fire broke out shortly before 19 o'clock. A local fire at the Notre-Dame cathedral in Paris is triggered around 18:50 local time. Several hundred firefighters spoke for hours to quench the flames of the historic monument. Very quickly, the fire that broke out somewhere in the attic in the upper area of ​​the edifice contained a tower that broke and collapsed inside. The investigation was entrusted to the criminal brigade of the police, due to the complexity of the investigations and the extent of the damage, writes Le Parisien. A crash track is privileged. On the sides of the cathedral there were scaffolding for renovation work. Investigators study the hypothesis of an outbreak caused by a welding work carried out on the wooden grate.

The shingle is very old, a part of the wood is decomposing, spongy, a weld or a short circuit can cause an undeniable spark for several hours, even days, which can turn into a burning fire. Judicial experts will have to find where they started the fire to determine whether they are negligent and who is responsible. The fire broke out at peak time, when the center of Paris, including Ile de la Cite, the island of Sena where Notre Dame is, car jam. In fact, the pictures say it all. Instead of departing from the fire, many Parisians and tourists went to the cathedral, while 400 firemen tried to get as close as possible. One of the most dramatic moments was the collapse of the cathedral's tower or fleece, as it is said, that is, that arrow-shaped tower from the middle of the cathedral, which was 93 meters high. With the fleece, the roof over the impressive length of the cathedral collapsed, 130 meters. Although they intervened with 16 cannons of water, all that the firemen could do was to fight the outbreaks they could access outside of the monument. No one knew what remained inside after the roof fell. It was believed that the Gothic columns and arches of the stone were also likely to be affected, but it was hoped that the structure of the abode resisted the shock.

Disturbing, torrid images. Paris travel icon burning like a torch Monday night in Paris. The emblematic monument in the heart of the capital of France, which lasts for 850 years, has been disfigured by a devastating fire, apparently triggered by restoration work.  The long, central tower, rising to 96 meters, collapsed under the flames, with some of the roof.In Catholic Weeks, people had knelt around the edifice and prayed. They prayed that the firefighters, the 400 fired firefighters, would turn off the fire. Save the Gothic masterpiece. At four in the morning, after nine hours of fighting, the flames were gone. Notre-Dame was standing. With his famous twin towers resisting heroic.

L'Équipe did not forget that every year, runners admire Notre-Dame in the Paris Marathon. He recalled that in 2009, the last stage of the French Tour passed by the cathedral, with Alberto Contador wearing the yellow shirt. And, long ago, between 1905 and 1945, L'Auto, the opener for L'Équipe, organized the rowing race under the shadow of the famous medieval building.Athletes, especially the French, but not only them, suffered, sending emotional messages on social networks. "My heart burns," wrote Evan Fournier , the basketball player at Orlando Magic, complemented by Sarah Ourahmoune, Olympic boxing champion: "Our history burns." While André-Pierre Gignac, the footballer of Tigres, watched with distant pain as "900 years of history goes into smoke."

Inside, the damage is lower than we would have expected, given the violence with which the flames were manifested. The first pictures inside the Notre-Dame Cathedral, which were severely damaged on Monday night by a devastating fire, appeared. Mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, quoted by a Le Monde journalist, says there is a huge hole in the vault, near the place where the tower has fallen and collapsed over the nave, but the altar and cross are full. Also, the chief architect for historical monuments, says that in large part, the "treasure" is saved. On Tuesday there will be an inventory of the paintings of the chapels around the nave, which may have been blackened by smoke or water. "What is worse is avoided, even if the battle has not been fully won," the head of state said on the spot, on the steps of the edifice. But "we will rebuild this cathedral," he promised.

Less known travel icons included in UNESCO heritage

In recent years, UNESCO has expanded the catalog to include more examples of traditional cultures around the world. It includes fascinating and remarkable places, recommended to be visited in 2017.

World Heritage Site - Wikipedia
World Heritage Site is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific ...

If you want to get this summer in places you have never seen before, UNESCO has made the list of less known sites recommended for the holiday of 2017. Some are a masterpiece of human genius, others are testimony to lost civilizations or natural inspiring beauty, writes

Iguazu National Park (Brazil-Argentina border)

Iguazu National Park is located on the border between Brazil and Argentina, where the Iguazu River flows into majestic waterfalls, shrouded in the mist of the forest landscape.

The Peace Churches of Jawor and Świdnica (Poland)

The Peace Churches of Jawor and Świdnica are the largest wooden worship centers in Europe, built in the mid-17th century.

Al Hijr (Saudi Arabia)

Al Hijr represents the non-Athenian civilization, which thrived in the pre-Islamic period from the second and third centuries BC.

Antequera Dolmens Site (Spain)Antequera Dolmens (3 BC) in southern Spain offers five monuments from the Neolithic and Bronze Age. This site was listed on the World Heritage List in 2016.

Historical villages of Shirakawa-go and Gokayama (Japan)

Traditional villages have survived in a distant mountainous region of Japan. The Gassho style houses are situated in an environment that has been adapted over the centuries.

Mayan Site in Copan (Honduras)

The spectacular ruins of Copan evoke the grandeur and mystery of the Mayan Empire, with its pyramids and hieroglyphs.

Old Town of Dubrovnik (Croatia)

The old town of Dubrovnik, located on the Croatian coast of Dalmatia, houses examples of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architecture.

Ha Long Bay (Vietnam)

Ha Long Bay, located 165 kilometers from the capital of Hanoi, includes 2,000 islands that rise from the turquoise waters of Tonkin Bay.

Blue Mountains and John Crow (Jamaica)

This forested mountainous region of Jamaica is known not only for its natural beauty and biodiversity, but also for serving as a refuge for the Tainos servants and later for the liberated Africans.

Valley of the Great Rift (Kenya)

Kenyan Lakes in the Great Rift Valley are populated by flamingos, pelicans, black rhinos, giraffes, lions, cheetahs and wild dogs. Efficient management of this area ensures that the site remains on the World Heritage List.

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Story of a woman who lived alone on an island for 18 years

Story of a woman who lived alone on an island for 18 years

100 kilometers off the coast of California is Channel Islands (not to be confused with those of the English Channel with the same name), also known as the Islands of Santa Barbara, represent a series of five islands that have been isolated from the rest of the world for thousands of years. The island of San Nicolas was the home of the Nicoleño people, a tribe of natives who only had contact with the tribes on the other islands. This changed in the nineteenth century, which led to the story of the tribe's last survivor.

In 1811, a group of Russian fur traders arrived at the island looking for raw material, because the islands were abundant in seals and in seagrass, reports The Vintage News .

The merchants and the Nicoleño tribe entered into conflict, but the tribe was overtaken technologically.If it was not the intervention of the Spaniards - who had an interest in the island's resources - Nicoleño could disappear completely.

However, the male population was decimated, and the tribe was left vulnerable to Catholic missions , which took advantage of the opportunity to convert the population. In the 19th century, this was done by taking local people and distributing them to the mission system, where they were used as cheap labor.

In 1835, the island's population was just a few hundred, and the Santa Barbara Mission sent a ship to evacuate the island, bringing the last natives to the mainland as a hand.

Here begins the story of the woman named Juana Maria. There are two theories about how he stayed on the island : either he was left out of the accident or fled from the ship to return. In any case, the end is the same: it was left on the island, and the ship did not return after it.

People were impressed by her strength

The official version was that the island was completely deserted. Often there were stories from the crews of the ships that passed near the island, according to which there was an "appearance" on the blurred island.

Because of these stories, interest in the island has increased. In 1853, 18 years after evacuating the island, Captain George Nidever wanted to find this appearance, and in the first two voyages he walked over footsteps on the beach.

On the third voyage, he found three huts made of whale bones. In front of them was Juana Maria, and from the first moment, the crew knew what she had done to survive.

According to Carl Dittman, a crew member, "the woman stood on the ground and separated the fat from the skin of the seal."

The crew was amazed that somebody survived a deserted island for so long. Trying to communicate with it, they noticed they could not understand it. In the last 18 years he has been alone on the island, and his language has deteriorated to the point where he could barely articulate words.

However, sailors stayed on the island for several weeks while Juana Maria showed them how she survived, how she hunted, sang, and they were impressed by her strength.

When it was time to leave, the woman joined them, reaching Santa Barbara. Juana Maria, a name she received from the Catholic mission, remained with Captain Nidever for about seven months until the woman's death, most likely caused by a trivial disease that the immune system could not reject.

The Tower of Pisa mystery uncovered

For nearly 1,000 years, the Tower of Pisa resisted many: earthquakes, Mussolini and other straightening attempts. A new study by a European engineering team shows why the tower is so "rebellious" and "stubborn".

He did not want to turn (rebellious) nor collapsed (stubbornly) for the same reason: the soft ground at the base of it. Thus, the interaction between the tower's foundation and the soft soil gave it a bizarre (unstable) stability.

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Several strong earthquakes struck Italy since the construction of the tower in 1173, the existence of which is known from various chronicles from the time of the Holy Roman Empire . However, none of these events led to a change in the axis of the Tower in Pisa, according to Popular Science .

Researchers have come to the conclusion, after analyzes, that if an earthquake hit the area, the soft soil, the height and robustness of the tower would not vibrate as much as the adjacent structures.

"Ironically, the same soil that caused instability and led the tower to the point of crash has the merit of helping construction to survive seismic events," said engineer George Mylonkanis, one of the research team members at the University of Bristol, the Great Britain, and one of the two non-Italian scientists in the research team of 16 specialists.

This is the newest study on the Tower of Pisa. Over the past 30 years, the (near) millenary construction has returned to the attention of specialists after the structure of the earthquake began to bend dramatically in 1990 and the interventions of the engineers made the tower return to its known angle of 0, 54 degrees.

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Fascinating stories of tourist destinations loaded with spirituality

Fascinating stories of tourist destinations loaded with spirituality

Throughout the millennia, humans have created earthworks of gods, faith, and meditation on the earth. The energetic charge or even the cultural and spiritual dowry of these places attract hundreds of thousands of tourists each year, be they true pilgrims or just curious explorers.

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These sacred destinations have, after some, true positive energy deposits. However, these places keep mysteries and remember the written or unwritten history of humanity. Here are some of the best places to meditate, restore and discover your spiritual side, according to a top produced by The Independent .

Camino de Santiago, Spain

The pilgrims followed the Way of Saint Jacob in Santiago de Compostela, because around the ninth century the remnants of the Apostle were found here in a long lost tomb. For a sacred ride there is the Camino Frances, which involves a 780-kilometer trip from Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port from France to Santiago. For a quieter pilgrimage, try Caminho Portugués, starting in Lisbon, or Camino Inglés, which starts at Ferrol's Galician port.

Easter's Island

Easter Island (or Rapa Nui) is a Polynesian island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, located at the southernmost point of the Polynesian triangle. Chile's special territory, annexed in 1888, Easter Island is famous for its 887 monumental statues, called moai, statues created by the island's earliest inhabitants.   At least 50 of these are still standing, unstable, some of them on the ocean. These monoliths, extremely tall and weighing a few tons, keep a mystery still unfulfilled. It has not yet been discovered how the Rapa Nui people carried the statues of the volcanic rock quarry located in the middle of the island to the coast of the island, about 25 kilometers away.

Mauna Kea, Hawaii, USA

Mauna Kea is an inactive volcano in the Hawaiian islands, one of the five volcanoes that make up Hawaii. Pu'u Wekiu, one of the many cones on the peak plateau, is the highest point in the state of Hawaii at 4,205 meters. In the Hawaiian language, "Mauna Kea" means the "white mountain".    For native Hawaiians, Mauna Kea is not simply a volcano - it is the umbilical cord that links the land of gods. He is certainly approaching the heavens: this monster on Big Island rises 4,207 meters above sea level and measured from its base on the ocean floor is more than 10,000 meters high.

Mount Kailash (Mount of Crystal), Tibet

Mount Kailash is a peak in the Himalayan mountains, located on the border between Tibet and Nepal. The Mount is a sacred place of pilgrimage in four Asian religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Bön (Tibetan Shamanism), because it is considered the place of the gods:   In Hinduism, the mountain is considered the home of Shiva; In Buddhism, the mountain is considered the home of Buddha Demchok; in Jainism, the mountain is considered the place where Tirthankara Rishabha reached the moksa (liberation); and in Bön, the mountain is considered the source of magic and spiritual energy.   Pilgrims start on a long journey on the Tibetan plateau to complete a kora, a circular pilgrimage around the mountain. It is said that the effect of a kora is to release karma bad, if it is done once, while 108 kora leads to complete illumination. The route amounts to 52 kilometers.

Lourdes, France

From the age of 14, Bernadette Soubirous had a vision of the Virgin Mary in 1858, and the small town of Lourdes, at the foot of the Pirene, became a successful business. More than 200 million people have visited it since the 1960s. The sanctuary currently includes numerous chapels and churches, the Appearance Cave (where the Virgin appeared) and 17 baths where pilgrims can sink into the healing waters. To date, the Medical Observatory of Lourdes has officially recognized 69 cases as miracles.

Old Jerusalem, Israel

One of the oldest cities in the world, Jerusalem, has been attacked, besieged, destroyed and rebuilt several times over the millennia. It continues to be sacred to the three great monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Admire the Temple Mount mosque, watch the Jewish pilgrims push the kvitlach into the cracks of the Western Wall and follow Via Dolorosa - the "path of suffering" - the road that is said to be the path Jesus traveled at his crucifixion.

Varanasi, India

The Ganges River is the most sacred part of India; so venerated that it became the first non-human entity in the country that enjoys the same legal rights as a person. Varanasi, on the left bank of the Uttar Pradesh Gangel, is one of the most sacred tirthas - places of spiritual passage that allow people to access divinity. Millions of Hindus come here to bathe, pray, and die.

Cape Reinga, New Zealand

Cape Reinga, located in the extreme north of the North Island, is one of the most spiritual places of the Maori population. It is the place where the souls of the deceased are said to descend into the beyond world.

Avebury, UK

Avebury is a Neolithic monument made up of three stone circles around the Avebury village of Wiltshire, southwest England. Unique among the megalithic monuments, Avebury contains the largest stone circle in Europe and is one of Britain's best-known prehistoric sites.    It is both a tourist attraction and a place of religious significance for contemporary pagans. Its original purpose is unknown, though archaeologists believe it was most likely used for a certain form of ritual or ceremony. The Avebury Monument was part of a larger prehistoric landscape containing several nearby ancient monuments, including West Kennet Long Barrow and Silbury Hill.   If you are interested in the ancient landscapes, then start along the Ridgeway River, which starts here and is said to be the oldest road in the country.

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Suggestions for a cultural holiday in Europe

Suggestions for a cultural holiday in Europe

With the arrival of the summer, we begin counting the remaining days until the holidays. Coastal, mountain, or delta holidays are very popular during this period. However, if you are tired of the barbecues and the beach, you might prefer a culinary leave. During this time you can take advantage of city breaks at very advantageous prices to see the big cities of Europe.

Dubrovnik, one of the most visited cities in Croatia, is well-liked by tourists due to its medieval architecture and proximity to the crystal waters of the Adriatic Sea. City walls of the city are some of the most famous tourist attractions. Built in the 10th century and modified in the 13th and 14th centuries, the 6-meter high walls have protected the city against invaders for generations. The Dubrovnik Cathedral is a place to be visited by culture lovers. It is distinguished by Baroque architecture. It also hosts some of the most important Christian artifacts. For example, here can be seen a piece of the cross on which Jesus would have been crucified. Spectacular Stradun of Dubrovnik is one of the most beautiful streets in the world. Here, both locals and tourists gather together. The many small cafes are an excellent place to rest your feet after a day spent visiting the city. If you've exhausted everything Dubrovnik has to offer, explore the many nearby islands, or visit the Trstento village arboretum, just 20 minutes by car. So a holiday in Croatia allows you to enjoy the cultural and natural wealth of the country at the same time.

Another European destination rich in history and culture is Berlin. Unlike other historical towns, the capital of Germany does not have a historic center where all the important tourist attractions are found, but they are spread throughout the city. This means that you will need more time to be able to visit everything you propose. On the other hand, traveling from one destination to another, you will end up exploring the entire city and seeing attractions that were not part of your original plan. One of the most famous historical attractions in Berlin is the Brandenburg Gate, where all the events since the fall of the Berlin Wall of 1989 have taken place. Remains of the Berlin Wall can also be visited.

Other major tourist attractions include the Reichstag, the German Parliament headquarters, the Alexanderplatz square, the Kaiser-Wilhelm Memorial Church and the Holocaust Memorial. Of course, these destinations add European cities already known for their history and culture. Among them we can remember Paris, Athens, Madrid, London, etc. However, we have chosen to focus on places that do not immediately come to your mind when you think about European culture.

Of course, many of the listed destinations take a long time to be fully explored, and a prolonged stay in these cities can be very expensive for an ordinary tourist. However, there are ways to enjoy everything that has a destination for months. This is especially true if you are passionate about photography. There are companies like PhotoHotel , which offers the opportunity to work as a photographer for hotels in certain tourist destinations. So you can earn your living and you have enough time to visit the city where you work.

Cities with most cultural attractions

The British newspaper "Business Insider" published the top cities in the world by most popular attractions cultural. They were taken into account the number of theaters, concert halls, museums, art galleries and restaurants with Michelin stars.

Cultural tourism - Wikipedia
Cultural Tourism (or culture tourism) is the subset of tourism concerned with a country or ... It has been shown that cultural attractions and events are particularly strong magnets for tourism. The term cultural tourism is used for journeys that ...

Whether you are interested in art, music, or simply experimenting with new dishes, there is no better way to know a city than by immersion in culture, writes "Business Insider". A new ranking conducted by destinations reveals that most cultural attractions in the world. Were taken into account the number of cultural attractions, so some smaller towns, there may be fewer attractions, 
although they are actually true cultural capitals.

Amsterdam, Netherlands
Theaters: 96 Museums: 81 Art Galleries: 54 The web world heritage sites: 2 Meeting's concerts: 8 Michelin Restaurants: 43
Dublin, Ireland
Theaters: 127 Museums: 57 Art Galleries: 32 Site - world heritage sites: 0 Concert halls 6 Michelin Restaurants: 5
Prague, Czech Republic
Theaters: 129 Museums: 110 Art Galleries: 201 World Heritage Sites: 1 Concert halls: 4 Michelin Restaurants: 3
Miami, Florida
Theaters: 72 Museums: 18 Art Galleries: 27 World Heritage Sites: 1 Concert halls: 1 Michelin Restaurants: 0
Paris, France
Theater 245 Museums: 147 Art Galleries: 69 World Heritage Sites: 1 Concert halls 6 Michelin Restaurants: 100
Barcelona, Spain
Theaters: 80 Museums: 95 Art Galleries: 46 World Heritage Sites: 1 Concert halls: 3 Michelin Restaurants: 25
Milan, Italy
Theaters: 43 Museums: 76 Art Galleries: 42 World Heritage Sites: 1 Concert halls: 4 Michelin Restaurants: 17
Rome, Italy
Theaters: 93 Museums: 151 Art Galleries: 42 World Heritage Sites 5 Concert halls: 3 Michelin Restaurants: 18
Vienna, Austria
Theaters: 55 Museums: 103 Art Galleries: 14 World Heritage Sites 2 Concert halls: 7 Michelin Restaurants 9
London, United Kingdom
Theaters: 878 Museums: 186 Art Galleries: 125 World Heritage sites: 4 Concert halls: 17 Michelin Restaurants: 67

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